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Conditions-CH.7

QuestionAnswer
Amino-butyric acid (GABA) a constituent of the central nervous system; quantitatively the principal inhibitory neurotransmitter.
Anxiety apprehension of danger, and dread accompanied by restlessness, tension, tachycardia, and dyspnea unattached to a clearly identifiable stimulus.
Compulsions uncontrollable impulses to perform an act (often repetitively) as an unconscious mechanism to avoid unacceptable ideas & desires which, by themselves, arouse anxiety; the anxiety becomes fully manifest if performance of the compulsive act is prevented
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) chronic, repeated episodes of anxiety or dread accompanied by autonomic changes.
Obsessions a recurrent and persistent idea; thought, or impulse to carry an act that is ego- dystonic, that is experienced as senseless or repugnant, and that the individual cannot voluntarily suppress.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) anxiety D/O whose essential feature is recurrent thoughts, impulses, images or compulsions, or impulse to carry out an act that is ego-dystonic
Panic attack sudden onset of intense apprehension, fear, terror or impending doom
Panic extreme and unreasoning anxiety and fear, often accompanied by disturbed breathing, increased heart activity, vasomotor changes, sweating and a feeling of dread.
Phobia any objectively unfounded morbid dread or fear that arouses a state of panic.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) development of characteristic symptoms following a psychologically traumatic event that's generally outside the range of usual human experience; SX include numbed responsiveness to enviro stimuli, variety of autonomic & cognitive dysfunctions, & dysphoria
social phobia (social anxiety d/o) persistent pattern of sig. fear of a social or performance situation, manifested by anxiety or panic on exposure to the situation or in anticipation of it, which the person realizes is unreasonable or excessive & interferes sig. w/the person's functioning
agoraphobia mental d/o characterized by an irrational fear of leaving the familiar setting of home, or venturing into open space; often assoc. w/panic attacks; "fear of the marketplace"
separation anxiety disorder excessive anxiety that occurs when a child is separated from home or caregiver
five types of phobias situational, natural environment, blood-injection injury, animal, & other types
situational phobia include fear of tunnels, bridges, using public transportation, flying, & being in closed places
natural environment phobia include fear of natural occurrences such as lightening, thunder, heights, & deep water
blood-injection phobia fear of receiving an injection or TX, which requires some invasive bodily procedure
animal phobia fear of insects and/or animals
other type phobia includes fear of loud sounds, falling, contracting an illness, & choking; fear of costume characters in children is also considered in this category
algorithms single rule or set of rules, are used when solving a problem
anxiety disorder a d/o characterized by extreme apprehension or fear with no known precipitant
panic d/o recurrent episodes of panic attacks
attention the ability to focus on a specific stimulus w/o distraction
memory recalling info after brief or longer periods of time
time management planning & participating in a balance of self-care, work, leisure, & rest activities to promote satisfaction & health
self-control modifying one's own behavior in response to a stimulus
emotional functions response to feelings evoked by a stimulus
cognitive therapy approach to intervention that holds that emotional disturbance is the result of faulty belief systems
Created by: sheaton