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Auditory Disability

Definitions for auditory disabilities

Speech Disorder difficulty in producing sounds as well as disorders of voice quality or fluency of speech, often referred to as stuttering
Language Disorder difficulty in receiving, understanding, and forming ideas and information
Receptive Language Disorder is characterized by difficulty in receiving or understanding information
Expressive Language Disorder characterized by difficulty in forming ideas and information
Cleft Palate or Lip describes a condition in which a person has a split in the upper part of the oral cavity or the upper lip
Dialect regional variation of a language
Speech oral expression of language
Language structured, shared, rule-governed symbolic system for communication
Phonology use of sound to make meaning syllables and words
Morphology system that governs the structure of words
Morpheme smallest meaningful unit of speech
Syntax rules for putting together a series of words to form sentences
Semantics the meaning of what is expressed
Pragmatics use of communication in context
Social Interaction Theories emphasizes that language skills are learned through social interactions
Articulation a speaker's production of individual or sequenced sounds
Substitution occur when a person substitutes one sound for another (doze instead of those)
Omissions occur when a child leaves phoneme out of a word
Additions occur when a student places a vowel between two consonants
Distortions modifications of the production of a phoneme in a word
Apraxia a motor speech disorder that affects the way in which a student plans to produce speech
Pitch affected by the tension and size of the vocal folds, the health of the larynx, and the location of the larynx
Duration length of time any speech sound requires
Intensity determined by the air pressure leaving the lungs during spoken language (loudness)
Resonance determined by the way in which the tone coming from the vocal folds is modified by the spaces of the throat, mouth, and nose
Hypernasality when air is allowed to pass through the nasal cavity on sounds it should not
Hyponasality when air cannot pass through the nasal cavity when it is necessary and instead passes through the mouth
Fluency the rate and rhythm of speaking
Specific Language Impairment describes a language disorder with no identifiable cause in a person with apparently normal development in all other areas
Organic Disorders are those caused by an identifiable problem in the neuromuscular mechanism of the person
Functional Disorders are those no identifiable organic or neurological origin
Congenital Disorders a disorder that occurs at or before birth
Acquired Disorders disorder that occurs well after birth
Bilingual refers to someone who uses two languages equally well
Bidialectal refers to someone who uses to variations of language
System for Augmenting Language (SAL) focuses on augmented input of language
Nasal Cavity where air passes to make nasal phonemes
Hard Palate needed to create certain phonemes
Soft Palate closes off nasal cavity so air cannot escape through nose
Tongue needed to shape oral cavity to make different sounds
Larynx contains vocal cords
Created by: z544w977



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