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Unit 6 Civil War

8th grade U.S. History

Compromise of 1850 Put a temporary end to dispute over free/slave states. Determined how land from the Mexican War would be free/slave areas.
Reform, or the Age of Reform Changes in 1830-1850 to make society better. Ex: schools, disabled, prisons, child labor, abolition, temperance (alcohol), women’s suffrage (right to vote)
Elizabeth Cady Stanton Leader of the early women’s rights movement; organized Seneca Falls Convention & wrote “Declaration of Sentiments”
Abolitionist movement Movement to end (abolish) slavery; (ex. William Lloyd Garrison- editor of The Liberator)
Fort Sumter First battle of the Civil War; April 1861 in South Carolina
Frederick Douglass Former slave who worked for abolition through speeches & newspaper The North Star
Missouri Compromise (1820) Missouri came in as a slave state Maine as a free state. No slavery north of the 36 30’ line
Daniel Webster A senator from Massachusetts; he supported the Union and the Compromise of 1850
Henry Clay The senator from Kentucky who worked out the Compromise of 1850
13th, 14th, 15th Amendment 13- ended all slavery in the US; 14—citizenship & equal protection under the law to all born in US; 15- right to vote to all men regardless of race
Sojourner Truth Former slave who worked for abolition & women’s rights through speeches (“Ain’t I a Woman?”)
Harriet Beecher Stowe Author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin; increased awareness of “evils of slavery”
Dred Scott v. Sanford Supreme Court case 1857; determined that slaves were property eventhough taken to free state
Lincoln-Douglas Debates Series of debates between Abe Lincoln & Stephen Douglas over slavery
John Brown Led a raid to arm slaves at Harper’s Ferry, VA; increased fears in South
Abraham Lincoln 16th President of US (Union) during the Civil War; wrote Emancipation Proclamation
Jefferson Davis President of the Confederate States of America (the South)
Appomattox Court House Civil War ended here when Lee surrendered to Grant on April 9, 1865
Battle of Gettysburg & Gettysburg Address Turning point of Civil War: the South continued retreat after losing here in July 1863; Lincoln’s speech in memory of those that died
1861-1865 Time period of the American Civil War
Emancipation Proclamation Document signed by Abraham Lincoln freeing the slaves in the “rebellious states” in 1863
Kansas-Nebraska Act Allowed citizens of KS & NE to decide if they would be slave or free (popular sovereignty); led to “Bleeding Kansas”
Robert E. Lee Commander of the Confederate Forces; wise military leader & beloved by soldiers
Ulysses S. Grant Most successful Commander of the Union Forces in Civil War
Hiram Rhodes Revels First Black citizen to be elected to the U.S. senate
Stonewall Jackson Trained at West Point before the Civil War, was known for being “stonewall” in the Civil War
Philip Bazaar Navy man who was awarded the Medal of Honor during the Civil War
William Carney First African American to receive the Medal of Honor
Henry David Thoreau Transcendentalism (believed in the goodness of humans) writer, supported abolitionism, and writing against slavery
The 54th Regiment The first regiment of black troops to fight in the Civil war
Created by: Emensa