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Ethics: Unit 3

Study material for Wednesday's exam! (11/19)

TermDefinition
Normative Ethics craft a sensible decision procedure regarding how we morally ought to act (if possible). (subfield of ethics).
Applied Ethics subfield of ethics that focuses primarily on ethical dilemmas that arise in specific real-world contexts, such as business and medicine.
Behavioral Ethics field that seeks to understand how people actually behave when confronted with ethical dilemmas.
Bounded Awareness common tendency to exclude important and relevant information from our decisions by placing arbitrary and dysfunctional bounds around our definition of a problem.
Bounded Ethicality way of making moral decisions that harm others when that harm is inconsistent with the decision-makers conscious beliefs and preferences.
Ethical Fading a process by which ethical considerations are eliminated from a decision.
In-Group Favoritism research shows that we are intuitively most comfortable doing favors for those we identify---that is, with people who are a lot like us. In particular, we tend to be biased toward people who share our alma mater, religion, race, or gender.
Egocentrism tendency to focus your own contributions to a joint effort and not on those of other group members. [Preference for a certain outcome on the basis of self-interest & alter the importance of the attributes that affect what is fair.]
Ordinary Prejudice prejudiced and stereotypical beliefs that are held subconsciously as a result of the processes we use to categorize, perceive, and judge information.
Stereotype Threat when members of a group perform according to stereotypes about them.
Implicit Association Test a quick, easy way to measure how implicitly biased individual people are.
Motivated Blindness tendency not to notice others’ wrongdoing when noticing it would harm the observer.
Indirect Blindness tendency not to notice a person’s unethical behavior when they act through other people.
Outcome Bias tendency to evaluate actions based on their results to a degree that is not logically justified.
Identifiable Victim Threat tendency for people to be more concerned with Identifiable victims than statistical victims.
Microaggression (1) A comment that implies offensive bias against some group, usually without intending to do so. (2) Any seemingly innocuous comment that causes offense.
Created by: TayRo18