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U.S. History Unit 1

Foundations of American Democracy vocabulary

Primary Source A document or other recorded memory created at the time of the event by a person who witnessed the event first hand.
Secondary Source A document or other recording of history created after the event by a person who did not witness the event first hand
Contextualizing to put information into its appropriate place or time, to study within its historical framework.
Evidence Information drawn directly from a document or other materials to establish facts regarding events in order to support conclusions drawn by historians.
Natural Rights Rights individuals have upon their birth as stated in John Locke’s theory of natural rights and restated in the Declaration of Independence. They are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
Perspective How an event is viewed by historians based on the evidence presented as well as prior experiences of the historian.
Self-Government Government of a country created and run by the people of the country, not a foreign power. Generally, this term is used following the end of colonialism in a country, such as the United States following the Revolution.
Social Contract The belief that the government exists for the protection of the citizens in exchange for the limitation on certain individual freedoms. Theory is based on the writings of John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
Rule of Law All citizens, regardless of stature and ranking, are subject to the laws of the nation. No one person is exempt from following the laws of the country, including the king. Based on the Magna Carta and the writings of Thomas Hobbes.
Limited Government The power of the government is limited through the a constitution, which states the powers of the government and the rights of the people
Declaration of Independence The document, which declared the United States free and independent from the power and authority of Great Britain. Written by Thomas Jefferson and signed by the Continental Congress in 1776.
Cash Crops Crops grown for sale, such as tobacco, rice, indigo, and cotton.
Plantation A large-scale farm for growing cash crops.
Subsistence Farming Growing only enough food for personal use.
Triangular Trade The trade route between Europe, Africa, and North America.
Enslaved The act of forcing another person to work for free against his will
Created by: babel