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WWI

History 11 Klabunde

QuestionAnswer
The Western Front was: characterized by trench warfare which kept both sides in almost the same position for four years
Britain ruled Iraq and Palestine as MANDATES on behalf of the League of Nations but did not own the territory after WWI
Soviets: councils composed of representatives from the workers and soldiers
Serbs were outraged when Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina because: they hoped to build a large Slavic nation
Germany was unhappy with Article 231 because: it declared that Germany and her allies were responsible for starting the war
WWI was Total War because: it involved a complete mobilization of resources and people
Schlieffen Plan Germany's plan to avoid a two front war
Adam Smith believed in Laissez-faire economic system which is: the government should not intervene in the economy
Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire
Lenin's attempt to end Russia's involvement in the war: signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany, which gave up much Russian territory
Date the armistice was signed: 11/11/18
First Battle of the Marne: put an end to the Schlieffen Plan and began trench warfare
Militarism: aggressive preparation for war
The Red Army: was victorious in the Russian civil war
In 1914, this was considered an act of war: mobilization of a nation's army (assembling troops and supplies for war)
Theory of Social Darwinism: states that social progress comes from the struggle for survival as the fit advance and the weak decline.
This caused the United States to join the Allies in fighting WWI: the Germans' use of unrestricted submarine warfare
The Bolsheviks became a party dedicated to violent revolution under the leadership of: V. I. Lenin
Treaty of Versailles: treaty signed with Germany that many Germans felt was a harsh punishment
The Industrial Revolution began in: Great Britain in the late 1700's
Responsible for the death of Francis Ferdinand and the start of WWI: a Serbian Nationalist
Sigmund Freud is considered the father of: PSYCHO ANALYSIS
Motives for Imperialization: economic motives, social darwinism, political power (NOT internal harmony)
Joseph Stalin launched the great purge which was: a campaign of terror directed at eliminating anyone who threatened his power
the Big Four: France, United States, Italy and Great Britain
Wilson' s plan for peace: Fourteen Points
Wilson's provisions for the formation of a peace-keeping association of nations: the League of Nations; became a world organization created at the Paris Peace Conference
William II was forced to step down and leave Germany because: the Allies would not negotiate with the imperial government of Germany and the people had become disillusioned
Triple Entente: France, Great Britain, Russia in 1907
Limiting the size of the German military was: a provision of the Treaty of Versailles
in August 1914 Britain officially declared war against Germany because: Germany violated the neutrality of Belgium
Battle of the Marne: Germany defeated the French (early in the war)
Lusitania: a passenger ship that Germany sunk and caused the United States to become angry toward Germany
Totalitarianism: form of government in which the national government takes control of all aspects of both public and private life
Zionism: movement to create a Jewish state
Self Determination: the right of each people to have its own nation
War of attrition: wearing the other side down with constant attacks
Wilhelm II German Kaiser
Propaganda: the spread of ideas to influence public opinion for or against a cause
Grigori Rasputin: Siberian peasant who influenced Alexandra; holy man
essay: What the industrial revolution was; where and when it began; 2 advantages and disadvantages
essay: Schlieffen Plan, if it was a success (why or why not)
essay: describe impact of trench warfare; include info on the life in the trenches
essay; list and describe the long-term causes of WWI in detail
Created by: maplelakesped