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Carney test 11/28

John Locke Freedom
Thomas Hobbes Security
state of nature no government, stronger people overpower weaker people
direct democracy everyone gets to vote, one voice = one vote
what branch of government does article 1 of the constitution talk about? legislative
what branch of government does article 2 of the constitution talk about? executive
what branch of government does article 3 of the constitution talk about? judicial
which branch of government declares war? congress
which branch makes laws? Legislative
what only originates in the house of Reps. bills that deal with taxation
who controls the money? congress
how often do senators run for reelection? 6 years
how old must you be to be in the House of Reps? 25
who is the leader of the senate? the vice president
how many justices are supposed to be in the supreme court? 9
how many members of the house of representatives does each state get? depends on the state's population
who has the power to veto a law? president
religion is okay in schools conservative
lower taxes conservative
support a minimum wage liberal
pro-life conservative
deal with the root of a crime liberal
support the death penalty conservative
secure borders at all costs conservative
gun RIGHTS conservative
gun CONTROL liberal
how often do congressmen run for reelection 2 years
how old do you have to be to be in the senate? 30
#of members in the House of Reps 435
#of members in the senate 100
how is the constitution organized? articles, sections, amendments and clauses
how many amendments are there? 27
how many articles are there? 7
Constitution "the united states rule book"
constitution the composition of something
federalism the federal system of government
separation of powers the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government are in separate bodies
checks and balances influences that ensure that power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals
"rule of law" law should govern a nation, not decisions of individuals
ratification the act of signing an agreement, making it officially valid
enumerated powers describe how a government with three distinct branches can operate effectively
legislative branch creates laws, senate and house
executive branch enforcing laws, president, vice president and cabinet
judicial branch makes decisions of laws, administers justice
impeach charge with misconduct
tranquility calm
liberty freedom from oppression
posterity all future generations of people
enumeration the action of mentioning a number of things one by one
president pro tempore a high ranking senator of the majority party, takes on leader of the senate in the absence of the vice president
impeachment a charge of misconduct made against the holder of a public office
indictment a formal charge of a serious crime
quorum the minimum number of members of an assembly that must be present at any of its meetings to make what is said in that meeting valid
emoluments a salary or profit from employment
concurrence two or more events happening at the same time
imposts a tax
excises a tax on certain goods in a country, and a tax on licences for certain activities
commerse the activity of buying and selling, on a large scale
tribunals a court of justice
cession the formal giving up of rights, property, or territory
bill of attainder finding a person guilty of treason or felony without trial
ex post facto with force
popular sovereignty the authority of a state and its government is created by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives
Created by: cosettegiroux