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History Ch. 6 Vocab

US History Ch.6 Vocabulary Terms

TermDefinition
Constitution Document stating the rules under which a government will operate
Articles of Confederation First constitution for the United States
James Madison Virginian who was an influential delegate at the Constitutional Convention (also the 4th president)
Thomas Jefferson Author of the Virginia Statute of Religios Freedom (also the 3rd President)
George Mason Author of the Virginia Declaration of Rights
Virginia Plan Virginian James Madison proposed this plan that said a government should share its powers
Three Fifths Compromise Counting enslaved African Americans as three- fifths of a person when calculating state’s population
Separation of Powers Powers of the government which are divided into 3 branches
Bill of Rights Guarantee of individuals’ rights (the first 10 amendments to the US Constitution)
Shay's Rebellion Farmers’ uprising against Massachusetts’s state government seizing land for unpaid taxes
Judicial Branch A system of courts used to interpret the laws and to determine the law’s constitutionality
Executive Branch Sees that the laws are carried out or enforced
Legislative Branch Makes the laws – includes Congress
Constitutional Convention Meeting in Philadelphia where delegates debated the structure of a new government
Compromise An agreement in which each side gives up part of what it wants
Ratify Means to approve
Amendment Addition or change to a document
Confederation new states working together a single group
Great Compromise Decided how many votes each state had in the Senate and House of Representatives
Created by: sfarwell