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8th Grade US History STAAR Vocabulary

Joint stock company business founded by a group of peopled who make an investment and share in profits and losses
Colony land claimed by a country in a different area of the world. Settlers are sent to this area to maintain claim.
Colonization settlement of the colony
Mercantilism colony exists to benefit Mother Country financially; maintaining wealth by controlling trade
Free enterprise business compete for consumers who are free to decide where to purchase goods. Gov. has little control
Triangular Trade Trade route that existed between the 13 colonies, Africa, and the West Indies. Traded rum, sugar, and slaves
Indentured Servant Got passage to North America in exchange of work. Servants worked without pay for a certain period of time.
Slave African American who is purchased to work for life on a plantation
Slave trade buying and selling of humans for forced labor
Plantation system large farms that grew cash crops. The land was farmed by slaves who lived on the land.
Cash crops crops grown to sell
Staple crops crops that are always in demand
Industry production of goods in a factory setting
Tariff tax placed on goods coming into a country
Protective tariff a tariff placed on foreign goods to protect domestic industry
Bias to show favoritism towards a group
Monarchy system of government in which powld by a queen or king
New England colonies Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Hampshire
Middle colonies New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsylvania
Southern colonies Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia
Political Reasons issues relating to government and a citizens' relationship with government
Economic Reasons issues relating to how people make money for their families; the production of goods and services
Social Reasons issues relating society including people, language, religion, education, art, etc.
Pilgrim person who wanted to separate from the Church of England
Puritan person who wanted to "purify" or reform the Church of England
Region area that is similar in climate, geographic features, and economies
Grievance complaint
Amend to change
Amendment a change in the Constitution
Ratify to officially accept
Unalienable Rights rights that all people possess; rights the government cannot deny
Liberty Freedom
Preamble introduction
Civic virtue putting government duty ahead of personal desires
Civic duty responsibilities of citizenship includes voting, and paying taxes
Civic disobedience rebelling against government not meeting your civic duties
Abolish to do away with, bring something to an end
Abolitionist Person who wanted slavery to end
Founding Fathers men who helped shape the United States through ideas, documents, and leadership
Political party group of people with similar ideas about government
Judicial Review allows the Supreme Court to declare laws unconstitutional
Nullify to declare legally void; invalidate
States' rights view that the states should hold more power than the Federal government
Manifest Destiny the belief that the United States should spread from "sea to shining sea"
Immigration moving from one country to another
Innovation new ways of doing things based on new discoveries
Reform to change
Cede to formally surrender; give up
Secede to withdraw
Union group of states formally united under one government
Equality everyone, regardless of sex, race, or ethnicity, has equal rights
Annex to be added to a larger entity
Naturalized Citizen to take the legal steps and become a citizen
Sectionalism making the section more important than the group
Primary source a firsthand or eyewitness account of an event