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Cells

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Term
Definition
Hooke   Invented the first microscope and was the first to observe and name the small units that make up organisms.  
Leeuwenhoek   He was able to clearly see living cells when observing the scrapings from his teeth.  
Cytoplasm   Is the “filling” of the cell and is made of up to 90% water. Water provides the necessary environment for all the chemical reactions the cell needs.  
Ribosomes   Organelles that are the site of protein synthesis.  
Cell Membrane   Forms the barrier to separate inside the cell from the outside environment.  
DNA   Molecule with directions to control the cell.  
Nucleus   Surrounds the chromosomes for additional protection; is made of a phospholipid bilayer.  
Mitochondria   Site of cellular respiration which produces cell energy (ATP).  
Vacuole   Store food, waste or water to be used inside the cell or excreted from the cell.  
Lysosomes   Contain digestive enzymes which digest food contained in vacuoles as well as old or damaged cell parts.  
Endoplasmic Reticulum   A series of interconnected folded membranes that function in modifying (changing) proteins, detoxification of alcohols, and communication.  
Golgi Complex   Packages materials for export from cells.  
Chloroplasts   Organelles full of chlorophyll that are the site of photosynthesis which produces sugars.  
Cell Wall   Provides extra support, protection, and shape for the cell; found outside the cell membrane and made of cellulose.  
Centrioles   Organelle that helps with cell division in animal cells.  


   






 
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Created by: chanse5