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Cells

TermDefinition
Hooke Invented the first microscope and was the first to observe and name the small units that make up organisms.
Leeuwenhoek He was able to clearly see living cells when observing the scrapings from his teeth.
Cytoplasm Is the “filling” of the cell and is made of up to 90% water. Water provides the necessary environment for all the chemical reactions the cell needs.
Ribosomes Organelles that are the site of protein synthesis.
Cell Membrane Forms the barrier to separate inside the cell from the outside environment.
DNA Molecule with directions to control the cell.
Nucleus Surrounds the chromosomes for additional protection; is made of a phospholipid bilayer.
Mitochondria Site of cellular respiration which produces cell energy (ATP).
Vacuole Store food, waste or water to be used inside the cell or excreted from the cell.
Lysosomes Contain digestive enzymes which digest food contained in vacuoles as well as old or damaged cell parts.
Endoplasmic Reticulum A series of interconnected folded membranes that function in modifying (changing) proteins, detoxification of alcohols, and communication.
Golgi Complex Packages materials for export from cells.
Chloroplasts Organelles full of chlorophyll that are the site of photosynthesis which produces sugars.
Cell Wall Provides extra support, protection, and shape for the cell; found outside the cell membrane and made of cellulose.
Centrioles Organelle that helps with cell division in animal cells.
Created by: chanse5