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Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP)
Ports developed specifically for video cards.
The partician used for booting.
audio/modem riser (AMR)
A specification for a small slot on a motherboard to accommodate an audio ormodem riser card.
Responsible for loading the OS.
This OS boot record contains a small program that points to a larger OS program file that is responsible for starting the OS load.
Refers to the computer bringing itself up to a working state without the user having to do anything but press the on button.
The OS boot record program for Windows Vista.
A lithium coin-cell battery enables CMOS RAM to hold configuration data, even while the main power to the computer is off.
Communication and networking riser (CNR)
A specification for a small expansion slot on a motherboard that accommodates a small audio, modem, or network riser card.
ATI ‘s technology for installing two video cards on a motherboard.
dual inline package (DIP) switch
A switch on a circuit board or other device that can be set on or off to hold configuration or setup information.
front panel header
The corner of the motherboard for lights and switches.
A hard boot, or cold boot, involves turning on the power with the on/off switch.
The plate installed in the computer case to provide holes for I/O ports.
Two wires that stick up side by side on the motherboard and are used to hold configuration information. The jumper is considered closed if a cover is over the wires, and open if the cover is missing.
land grid array (LGA)
Sockets that use lands rather than pins.
Master Boot Record (MBR)
A record at the beginning of the drive that contains the partition table, which contains a map to partitions on the drive.
The faster hub in the Accelerated Hub Architecture.