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Chapter 17 (weather

Ch 17 weather factors review

QuestionAnswer
What causes wind? Differences in air pressure
What is the major way that heat is transferred in the troposphere? Convection
Name the 3 main forms of energy received from the sun. a) infrared radiation b) visible light c) ultraviolet radiation
The distance from the equator, measured in degrees, is the _____? Latitude
Name the two major areas of global calm. a) horse latitudes b) doldrums
Energy from the sun will be ___, ____, or ____ by the atmosphere and surface of the Earth. a) absorbed b) scattered c) reflected
The average amount of energy of motion of each particle of a substance is called _____. Temperature
What instrument is used to measure air temperature? Thermometer
Name 3 ways heat can be transferred. a) radiation b) convection c) conduction
10 cm of snow is equivalent to how many cm of rain? one
The upward movement of warm air and the downward movement of cool air is called ____. Convection Currents
Which form of energy has wavelengths that are slightly shorter than those of visible light? Ultraviolet radiation
The increased cooling caused by a wind is called _____. Wind Chill Factor
Two types of local winds are called: a) sea breezes b) land breezes
What does an anemometer measure? Wind Speed
The unequal heating of Earth's surface within a small area causes ______. Local Winds
Winds that blow steadily from specific directions over long distances are called _____. Global Winds
Large clouds that often produce thunderstorms are what type? Cumulonimbus Clouds
The Coriolus Effect is caused by ____? Earth's Rotation
The total energy of motion in the particles of a substance is _____. Thermal Energy
Where are the Doldrums located? Along the equator
Most of Earth's incoming ultraviolet radiation is absorbed by ____ in the ____. the ozone layer in the stratosphere
The color of visible light with the longest wavelength: ___ Red
Type of cloud that indicates fair weather: ____ Cumulus Clouds
The process of gases such as water vapor, carbon dioxide, and methane trapping heat in the atmosphere is called _____. The Greenhouse Effect
Give the freezing and boiling points of pure water at sea level on the Celsius scale. Freezing: 0 degrees Boiling: 100 degrees
Bands of high speed winds about 10 km above the Earth's surface are called _____. Jet Streams
Where are the Horse Latitudes? at 30 degrees North and 30 degrees South
Name the 3 major global wind belts: a) Trade Winds b) Polar Easterlies c) Prevailing Westerlies
When the temperature equals the dew point, the relative humidity is _____. 100%
Give the freezing and boiling points of pure water at sea level on the Fahrenheit scale. Freezing: 32 degrees Boiling: 212 degrees
How does energy from the Sun travel to Earth? As Electromagnetic waves
Name the 3 main cloud types based on their shapes. a) Cirrus b) Cumulus c) Stratus
Name the 5 common types of precipitation. a) rain b) sleet c) freezing rain d) hail e) snow
What are the two conditions necessary for clouds to form? a) the cooling of air to dew point b) particles present in the air
Name three types of particles in the air that aid in cloud formation. a) salt crystals b) dust c) smoke
Clouds are classified by what two main characteristics? a) shape b) altitude
Which direction does the jet stream travel? From west to east
Created by: bwise