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BJU Life Science 13

Bob Jones Life Science - Chapter 13

Question Answer
vertabrate An animal in the subphylum Vertebrata that has a backbone
endoskeleton An internal skeleton found in vertebrates and usually made of cartilage and bone
bone The connective tissue that forms part of the strong supporting structure of vertebrates
cartilage A flexible supporting tissue that makes up part or all of some animals' skeletons
endothermic Able to maintain a constant body temperature by internal means; warm-blooded
actothermic Not able to maintain a constant body temperature by internal means; cold-blooded
oxygenated blood Blood that carries an abundant amount of oxygen
deoxygenated blood Blood that contains little oxygen
gill A respiratory structure in fish and other aquatic organisms that exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide in the water
lung An organ that exchanges gases between the atmosphere and the blood
diaphragm The part of a microscope that regulates the amount of light that passes through a specimen; the muscle that separates the thorax from the abdomen in mammals and humans and that aids in breathing
central nervous system The part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system The part of the nervous system consisting of sensory receptors, sensory organs, and the nerves that connect to the central nervous system
stomach A saclike portion of the digestive tract that performs mechanical and chemical digestion
small intesting The long, tubular organ in which most of the digestion and absorption of food occurs
liver The organ that produces bile, helps regulate substances in the blood, and stores vitamins and minerals
large intestine The part of the digestive tract that extends from the end of the small intestine to the anus and absorbs water and minerals
berbivore An organism that eats plants
carnivore An organism that eats other animals
omnivore An organism that eats both plants and animals
kidney An organ found in most vertebrates that filters wastes form the blood
Created by: heidio