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the early psychologists

Buddha how do sensations and perceptions combine to make ideas?
Confucious stressed the power of ideas and education
Ancient Israelies the mind and emotions are linked to the body
Early Thinkers Buddha, Confucius, and Ancient Israelites
Ancient Philosophers Socrates and Plato and Aristotle
What did Socrates and Plato believe in? the mind is separate from the body and continues after the body dies; you are born with knowledge (nature); both were driven by logic
What did Aristotle believe? knowledge isn't inate (nurture), the mind and body aren't separated, driven by observation and data
Modern Philosophers Rene Decarte, Sir Francis Bacon, John Locke
Rene Decarte father of neuroscience, a french philosopher from the 1600s, dissected animal brains and found folds and fluids in the skull; spirits
Sir Francis Bacon British philosopher, founder of the Scientific Method
John Locke believed knowledge is not inate and wrote a book, "the blank slate", and empricism
Empricism (concrete data)- the view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should rely on observation and experimentation
First psychology experiment done by Willhelm Wundt in Germany, 1879
Edward Titchner a student of Wundt and a professor in Cornel University. Introduced structuralism and interspection, but his method was subjective
William James founded functionalism and followed the teachings of Charles Darwin. He encouraged the study of emotions, memories, willpower, and consciousness
Psychology the science of behavior and mental processes
structuralism the use of introspection to explore the structure of the human mind
functionalism focuses on how our mental/behavior processes function in our environment
gestalt looks as objects as awhole
cognitive how we process, encode, and store information
humanistic how we meet our needs for love/acceptance to achieve self-fulfillment
psycholoanalytic how our childhood experiences impact our unconscious mind, choices, and behavior
behavioral how we learn through observation and response
social cultural how behavior and thinking vary across cultures and situations
Created by: 88do
Popular Psychology sets




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