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AP ENGISH LIT. TERMS

LITERARY TERMS

QuestionAnswer
Items placed side by side in a literary text usually for contrast or comparison juxtaposition
a stanza of poetry consisting of four lines quatrain
a statement that seems untrue but in fact is true paradox
the order of words in a sentence syntax
the use of a significant part of a thing to stand for the whole or vise versa synecdoche
the writers or speakers attitude towards the subject matter. tone
the sound of a word is related to its meaning onomatopoeia
a poem that commemorates or celebrates ode
the repetition of vowel sounds assonance
a direct address to someone or something that is not physically present apostrophe
repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of the line of poetry anaphora
the repetition of initial identical consonants sounds or vowels alliteration
division of a single thing into two usually contradicting parts or options dichotomy
a technique of arranging events and information in such a way that later events are prepared for in a story Foreshadowing
writing or speaking that implies the contrary of what is actually written or spoken irony
comparison of two things, "like" or "as" simile
giving an object/animal human like features personification
a point confirmed by negating its opposite litote
the eyes or voice/speaker/attitude/vision of the poem persona
the most common meter in english verse (UI) iambic pentameter
language that evokes particular sensations or emotional responses from the reader imagery
a sadly mediative poem often written on the occasion of a death elegy
a run on at the end of a stanza in poetry Enjamb
poetry that is without regular rhythm and without regular rhyme free verse
the subjective sensation of a sense other than the one being stimulated synaesthesia
something that is itself and also stands for something else symbol
metrically traditional rhythm in a line of poetry without rhyme blank verse
a statement that one thing is something else, which, in a literally sense, it is not. this emphasizes similarities between the things metaphor
the name of a thing is substituted for that of another closely associated with it metonymy
an element (image, idea, theme, situation or action) that recurs significantly throughout a narrative Motif
exaggeration, used for effect hyperbole
a brief quotation from another text, preceding a literary work usual suggesting the subject theme or atmosphere the literary work will explore epigraph
14 line poem sonnet
a pause i the middle of a line of poetry, used for effect caesura
uses elaborate comparisons or extended conceit
word choice diction
two lines of poetry expressing a complete thought, usually rhymed couplet
Created by: Jojosjojoc
 

 



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