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Short Story Terms


Setting Where a story takes place
Mood Atmosphere; the mood is usually determined by the setting; ask: How does the story make me feel?
Theme The author's lesson or message
Conflict A problem
Internal Conflict (Person vs. Self) A conflict created when a character must make a difficult decision
External Conflict A conflict caused by an outside force
Person vs. Person Conflict between two people- argument or fight
Person vs. Fate Person has a conflict facing his/her destiny
Person vs. Society 1 person in conflict against a group
Person vs. Nature A person in a conflict with any force of nature (weather, animals, death...)
Plot Sequence of events
Exposition All background information is given- setting characters, etc.
Narrative Hook Main problem/ conflict is revealed
Climax Point of highest interest; the turning point; the protagonist must make a decision
Conclusion Resolution; ending
Narrator "Person" telling the story- not necessarily the author
Tone Narrator/ Author's attitude towards the story
Point of View Relationship between the author and the reader (How is the story told?)
1st person Narrator is part of the story (he, she, we, I)
3rd Limited The narrator tells the story from 1 characters view
3rd Omniscient All knowing narrator; not bound by time or place
Characters "People" in the story
Major Character Main/Most important characters
Protagonist The character that the story is mostly about; the good guy
Antagonist The character who is against the protagonist; the bad guy
Minor Character "Supporting Characters"
Dynamic Character A character who changes in a story
Static Character A character who does not change in a story
Indirect Characterization Personality is revealed (shown) by thoughts and actions
Symbol Something that represents/ stands for something else
Irony Difference between appearance and reality
Foreshadowing Hints about what might happen later in a story
Suspense Quality in a story that keeps you interested
Flashback Narrator tells about something that happened in the past.
Simile Comparison of 2 unalike things using 'like' or 'as'; direct comparison
Metaphor Comparison of 2 unalike things by saying 1 IS the other; indirect comparison
Personification Non human/inanimate objects; human abilities/traits
Created by: morganbrinkley