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CEA 1.1

Civil Engineering

QuestionAnswer
Aesthetics The quality of an object that deals with art, beauty, and taste
Arch A curved structure for spanning an opening, designed to support a vertical load primarily by axial compression
Architect An individual trained in the art and science of designing and constructing buildings
Balance The pleasing or harmonious arrangement or proportion of parts or elements in a design or composition
Bearing Walls Solid walls that provide support for each other and for the roof of a structure
Civil Engineer An engineer trained in the design and construction of public works, such as bridges or dams, and other large facilities
Color The aspect of the appearance of objects and light sources that may be described in terms of hue, lightness, and saturation for objects and hue, brightness, and saturation for light sources
Contrast A visual principle associated with change made in size, shape, color, or tone of graphic elements
Design Principles The rules that describe how designers might put together various design elements to create an aesthetic finished product
Dome An arrangement of several arches whose bases form a circle and whose tops meet in the center
Element of Design A basic visual component or building block of designed objects
Emphasis Stress or prominence given to an element of a composition by means of contrast, anomaly, or counterpoint
Fa├žade The exterior face of a building
Form The shape and structure of something as distinguished from its substance or material
Keystone A wedge-shaped stone placed in the crown of an arch
Line The edge or contour of a shape
Lintel A beam supporting the weight above a door or window opening
Movement The effect or illusion of motion conveyed by the relationship of structural elements in a design or composition
Pattern An artistic or decorative design, especially one having a characteristic arrangement and considered as a unit
Post-and-Lintel Construction Wall construction utilizing a framework of vertical posts and horizontal beams to carry floor and roof loads
Repetition A principle where some graphic elements are repeated throughout the entire design
Rhythm Movement characterized by a patterned repetition or alteration of formal elements or motifs in the same or a modified form
Shape The two-dimensional contour that characterizes an object or area
Space The dimensions of height, depth, and width within which all things exist and move
Texture The feel, appearance, or consistency of a surface, substance, or fabric
Unity The state or quality of being combined into one, as the ordering of elements in an artistic work that constitutes a harmonious whole or promotes a singleness of effect
Value The relative lightness or darkness of a color
Vernacular Architecture Culturally and climatically relevant architecture using locally available materials and traditional building techniques
Voussoir Any of the wedge-shaped units in a masonry arch or vault, having side cuts converging at one of the arch centers
Created by: Lmandriota