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Public speaking

Public speaking chapters one and four vocab

Stage fright Anxiety over the prospect of giving a speech in front of an audience
Adrenaline A hormone released into the bloodstream in response to physical or mental stress
Positive nervousness Controlled nervousness that helps energize a speaker for her or his presentation
Visualization Mental imaging in which a speaker vividly pictures himself or herself giving a successful presentation.
Critical thinking Focused, organized thinking about such things as the logical relationships among ideas, the soundness of evidence, and the differences between fact and opinion.
Speaker The person who is presenting an oral message to a listener.
Message Whatever a speaker communicates to someone else.
Channel The means by which a message is communicated.
Listener The person who receives the speaker's message.
Frame of reference The sum of a person's knowledge, experience, goals, values, and attitudes. No two people can have exactly the same frame of reference.
Feedback The messages, usually nonverbal, sent from a listener to a speaker.
Interference Anything that impedes the communication of a message. Can be external or internal to listeners.
Situation The time and place in which speech communication occurs.
Ethnocentrism The belief that one's own group or culture is superior to all other groups or cultures.
Ice breaker speech A speech early in the term designed to get students speaking in front of the class as soon as possible.
Introduction The opening section of a speech.
Body The main section of a speech.
Chronological order A method of speech organization in which the main points follow a time pattern.
Topical order A method of speech organization in which the main points divide the topic into logical and consistent subtopics.
Main points The major points developed in the body of a speech.
Transition A word or phrase that indicates when a speaker has finished one thought and is moving on to another.
Conclusion The final section of a speech
Extemporaneous speech A carefully prepared and rehearsed speech that is presented from a brief set of notes.
Gestures Motions of a speaker's hands or arms during a speech.
Eye contact Direct visual contact with the eyes of another person.
Created by: ashleighwren