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Engl 306 Final

Rhetoric Examn Final

Year of Gorgias 414 BCE
Kairos: a profound moment of opportunity
Summarize Dissoi Logoi Cultural relativism The normal to you is not normal to else; the weird to you may be normal to else.
Nomos: communities that live within a city
Year of Plato 370 BCE
Plato's Phaedrus summarized: rhetoric is equivalent to love: bad rhetoric is like lust; good rhetoric seeks to make rhetor a better person; influencing the soul through words in all kinds of speaking USED ANALOGY OF TWO HORSES LEADING A VEHICLE.
Kairos: cataloging the kinds of human souls to adpt Plato's discourse to auditors
Year of Isocrates 390 BCE
Kairos: timing
Summarize the Against the Sophists rhetoric is art; sophists do not teach rhetoric as art. rhetoric is a mode of scholarship that separates man from beast.
Year of Aristotle 335 BCE
Summarize Aristotle's On Rhetoric: rhetoric is the faculty of observing the available means of persuasion
Aristotle's modes of persuasion: ethos - character pathos - emotion logos - truth
Aristotle's four reasons of rhetoric 1. truth and justice 2. appeal to people who can't be taught 3. allows use to see facts and flaws in eachother 4. natural and necessary
Year of Augustine 427
Summarize Augustine's On the Christian Doctrine rhetoric is at everyone's disposal. rules of rhetoric are useless as the rhetor must think on his/her feet. good rhetors modify their speaking style accordingly to fit matters. CLAIMS TO HAVE USED HIS WORDS TO STOP A CIVIL WAR
Year of Longinus 50 CE
Summarize Longinus' On the Sublime: when rhetoric is done well it leads to the sublime, a moment of ecstasy. LONGINUS WAS THE 'FIRST' LITERARY CRITIC
Essence of sublimity: 1. greatness of thought 2. powerful emotion 3. certain kinds of figures 4. noble diction 5. elegant word arrangement
pseudo-baccananlian: meaningless emotion
frigidity: statement of overly exotic ideas
amplificiton: emphasizing details and topics to strengthen an argument
Year of Baldesar Castigione 1527
Summarize Castigione's The Book of the Courtier: rhetoric as a public appearence. Rhetoric must be cool, collected, put-together. sprezzatura.
Sprezzatura: making something appear easy regardless of its difficulty.
Year of Christine de Pizan 1405
Summarize Pizan's The Book of the City of Ladies: rhetoric is a means of educational and social equalizing supplanted misogynistic views of women in medieval thinking. TOLD THE STORY OF THE RHETOR WHO WORE A VEIL.
Year of Madeline de Scudery 1683
Summarize de Scudery's Converstations upon Several Subjects: conversations like occur like in the salon. rhetoric as it occurs in private; rhetoric as a conversational tool.
Year of Thomas Sheridan 1762
Summarize Sheridan's Course of Lectures on Elocution: rhetoric as tranmission of one's consciousness instead of just persuasion. connection of words with emotional states and gestures. rhetoric and enlightenment elocution
Year of Gilbert Austin 1644
Summarize Austin's Chironomia: rhetoric as a systematized movement to convey meaning and tone, including a collection of tones and gestures to be linked to words or lines. robust, but lacking in practicality
Year of Maria Stewart 1832
Year of Nietzsche 1870
Year of Habermas
Created by: charlol



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