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FRL301 ch12

FRL301 Ch12

QuestionAnswer
Last year, T-bills returned 2 percent while your investment in large-company stocks earned an average of 5 percent. Which one of the following terms refers to the difference between these two rates of return? A. risk premium
Which one of the following best defines the variance of an investment's annual returns over a number of years? E. The average squared difference between the actual returns and the arithmetic average return.
Standard deviation is a measure of which one of the following? B. volatility
Which one of the following is defined by its mean and its standard deviation? C. normal distribution
The average compound return earned per year over a multi-year period is called the _____ average return. D. geometric
The return earned in an average year over a multi-year period is called the _____ average return A. arithmetic
Assume that the market prices of the securities that trade in a particular market fairly reflect the available information related to those securities. Which one of the following terms best defines that market? E. efficient capital market
Which one of the following statements best defines the efficient market hypothesis? D. All securities in an efficient market are zero net present value investments.
Stacy purchased a stock last year and sold it today for $3 a share more than her purchase price. She received a total of $0.75 in dividends. Which one of the following statements is correct in relation to this investment? D. The capital gains yield is positive.
Which one of the following correctly describes the dividend yield? A. next year's annual dividend divided by today's stock price
Bayside Marina just announced it is decreasing its annual dividend from $1.64 per share to $1.50 per share effective immediately. If the dividend yield remains at its pre-announcement level, then you know the stock price: C. decreased proportionately with the dividend decrease.
Which one of the following statements related to capital gains is correct? B. An increase in an unrealized capital gain will increase the capital gains yield.
Which of the following statements is correct in relation to a stock investment? I. The capital gains yield can be positive, negative, or zero. III. The total return can be positive, negative, or zero.
The real rate of return on a stock is approximately equal to the nominal rate of return: C. minus the inflation rate.
As long as the inflation rate is positive, the real rate of return on a security will be ____ the nominal rate of return. C. less than
Small-company stocks, as the term is used in the textbook, are best defined as the: C. smallest twenty percent of the firms listed on the NYSE.
Which one of the following statements is a correct reflection of the U.S. markets for the period 1926-2007? B. U.S. Treasury bills provided a positive rate of return each and every year during the period.
Which one of the following categories of securities had the highest average return for the period 1926-2007? C. small company stocks
Which one of the following categories of securities had the lowest average risk premium for the period 1926-2007? E. U.S. Treasury bills
Which one of the following categories of securities has had the most volatile returns over the period 1926-2007? E. small-company stocks
Which one of the following statements correctly applies to the period 1926-2007? E. U.S. Treasury bills had a positive average real rate of return.
Which one of the following time periods is associated with high rates of inflation? C. 1978-1981
Which one of the following statements concerning U.S. Treasury bills is correct for the period 1926- 2007? C. The annual rate of return was always positive.
Which one of the following is a correct ranking of securities based on their volatility over the period of 1926-2007? Rank from highest to lowest. C. small company stocks, long-term corporate bonds, intermediate-term government bonds
What was the highest annual rate of inflation during the period 1926-2007? D. between 10 and 15 percent
The excess return is computed as the: B. return on a risky security minus the risk-free rate.
Which one of the following earned the highest risk premium over the period 1926-2007? C. small-company stocks
What was the average rate of inflation over the period of 1926-2007? D. between 3.0 and 3.5 percent
Assume that you invest in a portfolio of large-company stocks. Further assume that the portfolio will earn a rate of return similar to the average return on large-company stocks for the period 1926-2007. What rate of return should you expect to earn? B. between 10 and 12.5 percent
The average annual return on small-company stocks was about _____ percent greater than the average annual return on large-company stocks over the period 1926-2007. B. 5
Which one of the following was the least volatile over the period of 1926-2007? D. U.S. Treasury bills
Which one of the following statements is correct? A. The greater the volatility of returns, the greater the risk premium.
Which of the following correspond to a wide frequency distribution? III. relatively high standard deviation IV. relatively large risk premium E. III and IV only
To convince investors to accept greater volatility, you must: B. increase the risk premium.
If the variability of the returns on large-company stocks were to increase over the long-term, you would expect which of the following to occur as a result? II. increase in the risk premium III. increase in the 68 percent probability range of the frequency distribution of returns C. II and III only
Which one of the following statements is correct based on the historical record for the period 1926-2007? C. Long-term government bonds had a lower return but a higher standard deviation on average than did long-term corporate bonds.
What is the probability that small-company stocks will produce an annual return that is more than one standard deviation below the average? D. 16 percent
According to Jeremy Siegel, the real return on stocks over the long-term has averaged about: A. 6.8 percent
The historical record for the period 1926-2007 supports which one of the following statements? D. It is possible for small-company stocks to more than double in value in any one given year.
Which of the following statements are true based on the historical record for 1926-2007? IV. Bonds are generally a safer investment than are stocks. B. IV only
Estimates of the rate of return on a security based on a historical arithmetic average will probably tend to _____ the expected return for the long-term while estimates using the historical geometric average will probably tend to _____ the expected return B. overestimate; underestimate
The primary purpose of Blume's formula is to: E. project future rates of return.
Which two of the following are the most likely reasons why a stock price might not react at all on the day that new information related to the stock issuer is released? III. the information has no bearing on the value of the firm IV. the information was anticipated E. III and IV only
Which one of the following is most indicative of a totally efficient stock market? C. zero net present values for all stock investments
Which one of the following statements is correct concerning market efficiency? D. A firm will generally receive a fair price when it issues new shares of stock.
Efficient financial markets fluctuate continuously because: B. the markets are continually reacting to new information.
Inside information has the least value when financial markets are: D. strong form efficient.
According to theory, studying historical stock price movements to identify mispriced stocks: C. is ineffective even when the market is only weak form efficient.
Which of the following statements related to market efficiency tend to be supported by current evidence? I. Markets tend to respond quickly to new information. II. It is difficult for investors to earn abnormal returns. III. Short-run prices are difficult to predict accurately based on public information. E. I, II, and III only
If you excel in analyzing the future outlook of firms, you would prefer the financial markets be ____ form efficient so that you can have an advantage in the marketplace. A. weak
You are aware that your neighbor trades stocks based on confidential information he overhears at his workplace. This information is not available to the general public. This neighbor continually brags to you about the profits he earns on these trades. Giv C. semistrong
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission periodically charges individuals with insider trading and claims those individuals have made unfair profits. Given this, you would be most apt to argue that the markets are less than _____ form efficient. D. strong
Individuals who continually monitor the financial markets seeking mispriced securities: B. make the markets increasingly more efficient.
Created by: annette1816