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English Poetry Terms

Alliteration The repetition of similar sounds, usually consonants or consonant clusters, in a group of words
Allusion A reference in one work of literature to a person, place, or event in another work of literature or in history, art, or music
Assonance The repetition of similar vowel sounds, usually close together, in a group of words
Ballad A story told in verse and usually meant to be sung
Connotation The emotion or association that a word or phrase may arouse
Denotation The literal or "dictionary" meaning of a word
Dramatic Poetry Poetry in which one or more characters speak
Free Verse Poetry that has no fixed meter or pattern and that depends on natural speech
Lyric Poetry Poetry that expresses a speaker's personal thoughts or feelings
Metaphor A comparison between two unlike unlike things with intent of giving added meaning to one of them
Narrative Poetry Poetry that tells a story
Onomatopoeia The use of a word whose sound in some degree imitates or suggests its meaning
Parallelism The use of phrases, clauses, or sentences that are similar or complementary in structure or in meaning
Personification A figure of speech in which an animal, an object, a natural force, or an idea is given personality, or described as if it were human
Repetition The return of a word, phrase, stanza, form, or effect in any form of literature
Rhyme The repetition of sound in two or more words or phrases that usually appear close to each other in a poem
End Rhyme If the rhyme occurs at the ends of lines
Internal Rhyme If the rhyme occurs within the line
Rhyme Scheme The pattern of rhyme's in a poem
Simile A comparison made between two dissimilar things through the use of a specific word of comparison such as like, as than, or resembles
Sonnet A fourteen-line lyric poem, usually written in rhymed iambic pentameter
Created by: tglanzman



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