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Altered mental status terms: includes diabetes, seizure, stroke

form of sugar that provides the body's basic source of energy glucose
condition brought about by decreased insulin production; called sugar diabetes or diabetes diabetes mellitus
hormone produced by the pancreas or taken as a medication by many diabetics, aids cells in utilizing glucose insulin
uncontrolled muscular movements convulsions
prolonged seizure, or when a person suffers two or more convulsive seizures without regaining full consciousness status epilepticus
low blood sugar hypoglycemia
medical condition that sometimes causes seizures epilepsy
high blood sugar hyperglycemia
sudden change in sensation, behavior, or movement that can, in its most severe form, produce convulsions seizure
blockage or bursting of a major blood vessel supplying the brain; also called a CVA- cerebrovascular accident stroke
The relationship between glucose and insulin is described as a lock and key mechanism
The most common medical emergency for a diabetic patient is ____. This can happen when a diabetic overexercises. hypoglycemia
If sugar is not replenished quickly, the patient may have permanent brain damage
These are clues that a patient is diabetic: medical identification bracelet, insulin in the refrigerator, information from family members
These are common oral medications used to treat diabetes: Humulin, Glucotrol, Micronase
A patient with a diabetic emergency may appear to be intoxicated or combative
A patient with a diabetic emergency may show these signs or symptoms: cold clammy skin, anxiety
In order for the EMT to consider administering oral glucose, the patient must have an altered mental status and a history of diabetes and be awake enough to swallow
If you are reassessing a patient to whom you have given oral glucose and their condition has not improved, you should consult medical direction before administering more glucose.
Position used to transfer diabetic patient who is not awake enough to swallow and does not need ventilation recovery
Children with diabetes are more at risk than adults for developing hypoglycemia
This sign indicates a change in the patient's blood sugar level change in mental status
Before and after administering oral glucose, make sure to document the mental status of the patient
Trade name for oral glucose Insta-glucose
A patient is confused and disoriented. Before deciding they have a behavioral problem, the EMT should consider- possibility of head injury, brain tumor, hypoxia
People with diabetes test the level of sugar in their blood by using a glucose meter
Complications of diabetes include: kidney failure, heart disease, blindness
Glucose meters show a reading in milligrams of glucose per deciliter of blood
If the diabetic is symptomatic and has a sugar level below 80, they are considered hypoglycemic
If the diabetic is symptomatic and has a sugar level above 120, they are considered hyperglycemic
The most common cause of seizures in adults is not taking antiseizure medication
Seizures are commonly caused by high fever, brain tumor, infection
Characteristics of idiopathic seizures occurs spontaneously, unknown cause, starts in childhood
This type of seizure is seen with epilepsy of hypoglycemia convulsive seizure
Best known condition that results in seizures is epilepsy
This type of seizure is associated with epilepsy generalized tonic-clonic
Questions about a seizure patient, ask these to bystanders How long did the seizure last? What did the patient do after the seizure? What was the patient doing prior/before the seizure?
A seizure patient becomes cyanotic. What do you do after the convulsions end? provide artificial ventilations with supplemental oxygen
You notice that a bystander has placed a tongue blade in the corner of the seizure patient's mouth. What do you do? carefully remove the object from the patient's mouth
How many minutes does a seizure normally last? 1-3
A patient has two or more back to back seizures without regaining full consciousness. This is known as status epilepticus
If you suspect a conscious patient has had a stroke, transport them in this position semi-sitting
A stroke patient has difficulty saying what he is thinking, even though he clearly understands you. expressive aphasia
The patient can speak clearly, but can't understand what you are saying. receptive aphasia
A common sign of a cerebrovascular accident is headache
Signs and symptoms of stroke include: vomiting, seizure, loss of bladder control
When a patient has many stroke signs and symptoms, which resolve in less than 24 hourse TIA- transient ischemic attack
Medical term for fainting. syncopal episode
This can be due to poor perfusion to the brain. lightheadedness or dizziness
Created by: UBEMT