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General Terms

Basic terms

QuestionAnswer
Abandonment failure of the EMT to continue emergency medical treatment.
Abdominal Subdiaphragmatic Thrust Maneuver a series of 6 to 10 manual thrusts into the upper abdomen, just above the umbilicus and well below the xiphoid to relieve upper airway obstruction; also called the Heimlich maneuver.
Abductio moviment d'una extremitat respecte la línia mitjana
Abruptio Placentae early separation of the placenta from the wall of the uterus.
Abuse a cause of injury that can take the form of beatings, burns, rape, attempted murder, etc
Acidosis a condition caused by accumulation of acid or loss of base in the body.
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) a fatal disease first noted in 1978 an caused by a virus. It is spread through direct contact with the blood, semen, or oral secretions of infected individuals.
Activated Charcoal powdered charcoal that has been treated to increase its powers of adsorption; used as a general-purpose antidote.
Actual Consent consent actually given by a person authorizing the EMT to provide care or transportation.
Acute Abdomen a term indication the presence of some abdominal process that causes the sudden irritation of the peritoneum and intense pain.
Acute Cholecystitis inflammation of the gallbladder
Acute Epiglittitis a bacterial infection of the epiglottis. In children it can cause swelling severe enough to cause airway obstruction.
Acute Pulmonary Edema severe fluid buildup in the lungs that usually occurs following acute myocardial infarction.
Alkali any compound of an electropositive element with an electronegative hydroxyl ion or similar ion. Alkalis can cause severe burns.
Alkaline having a pH above the normal level of 7.45.
Alkalosis a condition in which excessive breathing, as from hyperventilating, “blows off” too much carbon dioxide. The patient experiences shortness of breath, This response is common in psychological stress.
Alopecia Loss of hair.
Alpha Radiation a form of ionizing radiation that poses little danger; these rays are easily stopped by paper, a few inches of air, or light clothing.
Amino Acids organic compounds that form the chief structure of proteins.
Amphetamines stimulants that are taken to produce a general mood elevation, improve task performance, suppress appetite, or prevent sleepiness; common forms are “speed,” “uppers,” or “Bennies.”
Anaphylactic Shock severe shock caused by an allergic reaction.
Anaphylaxis the most severe form of an allergic reaction resulting in shock.
Anatomic Position position of a patient standing erect, facing the examiner, arms at the side, and palms facing forward.
Aneurysm a weakened, bulging area of a blood vessel.
Angina Pectoris chest pain with squeezing or tightness in the chest caused by an inadequate flow of blood to the heart muscle.
Anisocoria unequal size of the pupils of the eyes.
Anorexia loss of hunger or appetite.
Anoxia lack of oxygen.
Anterior Surface the front surface of the body, facing the examiner.
Aorta the major artery leaving the left side of the heart, which carries freshly oxygenated blood to the body.
Aortic Valve a valve that guards the aortic opening in the left ventricle of the heart and prevents backflow into the left ventricle.
Aphasic unable to speak.
Apneic having no spontaneous breathing.
Appendicitis inflammation of the appendix.
Appendix a small tubular structure that is attached to the lower border of the cecum in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen.
Aqueous Humor the fluid in front of the lens of the eye.
Arachnoid middle layer of the tree layers of tissue that envelop the brain and spinal cord; lies between the dura mater and the pia mater.
Arteriosclerosis a disease characterized by a thickening and destruction of the arterial walls, caused by fatty deposits within them; the arteries lose the ability to dilate and carry oxygen-enriched blood.
Ascending Colon part of the colon that lies in the vertical position on the right side of the abdomen, extending up to the lower border of the liver.
Auditory Nerves nerves transmitting hearing sensations to the brain.
Aura the first phase of a generalized epileptic seizure. It is a sensation experienced by the patient that a seizure is about to occur.
Created by: cndoke