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Classification Gr 5

Classification Grade 5 VA Mr. G. 877863 mles

QuestionAnswer
Process An event, action, or changes that bring about a result - example digestion
Photosynthesis (Fotosíntesis) The conversion of sunlight into chemical energy (sugar) in plants and some protists
Reproduce (Reprodúzcase) To create new off spring
Classify (clasificar) To put into groups according to similarities and differences, traits, characteristics, and properties
Germinate (germinacion) When a dormant seed starts to grow, 30,000 year old seeds have been germinated!
Conifer, evergreen (Conífera) Plants that have needles instead of leaves - stay green all year
Structure (Estructura) Any part of a plant, animal, or object
Roots (Raíces) The structures in a plant that anchor it to the ground and absorb nutrients and water
Stem The plant part that supports the leaves and provides a highway for the movement of water and nutrients
Leaves (hojas) The part of a plant where most photosynthesis occurs
Sepal (sépalo) Just below the flower petals, the sepals protect the flower before it opens
Petal (pétalo) The "pretty" part of a flower - attracts insects
Stamen (estambre) The male part of a flower- easy to remember because of the "men," produces pollen which contains the sperm
Pistil (pistilo) The female part of a flower, generally in the center
Ovary (ovario) The place in a plant where fertilization takes place and the seeds develop
Kingdom The most general or broad category of the classification system developed by Carolus Linnaeus
Animalia One of the 5 kingdoms, these organisms eat to get energy
Invertebrate Organisms without backbones
Vertebrate, scientific name chordata Organisms with backbones
Moneran One of the 5 kingdoms, microscopic, uni-cellular (one cell), bacteria, reproduce asexually
Protista A kingdom of microscopic organisms that can have characteristics of both plants and/or animals- examples amoeba & paramcia
Fungi One of the 5 kingdoms, gathers energy from the item it grows on, is a decomposer, reproduces with spores
Examples of the fungi kingdom, that are decomposers, reproduces with spores Mushroom, Mold, Yeast, Slime Mold
Plantae One of the 5 kingdoms, producers that use Chlorophyll to convert sunlight into chemical energy (sugar)
Vascular Plants that have a "drinking straw," or well developed water transport system, therefore they can grow tall- examples ferns, grasses, trees
Non-vascular Plants that do not have a "drinking straw," or well developed water transport system, therefore they are very low to the ground - examples mosses, liverworts
American Dogwood The state tree of VA, Cornus Florida
Pitcher Plant Venus Fly Trap Carnivorous plants that catch insects as well as get nutrients from the soil
Fern (helechos) horsetail (colas de caballo) A vascular plant that reproduces with spores
Moss (musgos) A non-vascular plant that reproduces with spores
Liverwort A non-vascular plant found in wet environments and reproduces with spores
Chlorophyll (Clorofila) The chemical in plants that converts sunlight to chemical energy (sugars)
Pollen (polen) Formed on the stamen, contains the sperm cells
Sperm (Esperma) Male reproductive cell found in the pollen of plants
Dormant (Inactivo) Like hibernation, inactive, but alive - seeds can be dormant for 30,000 years and still germinate
Deciduous Plants that drop their leaves in the fall
Spore (esporangios) Reproductive cells of ferns, mosses, liverworts, mushrooms, mold, and yeast - reproduction does not require a male and female - the spore is both
Unicellular Made up of only one cell
Organism (Organismo) An individual living thing.
Chloroplasts Cell part that contains Chlorophyll that turns sunlight into food/ energy, mostly located in plant leaves
What is the name of the chemical inside of chloroplasts that turn light into energy? Chlorophyll
Response The ability to react to changes in surroundings
Respiration Converting stored food (sugars) into energy
What is a species? (especie) The narrowest group in the classification system of living things
Describe what harmful fungi can do to you? They can cause diseases or allergies, examples athlete's foot
What are the 5 types of vertebrates? (vertrados) Fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals
Name 2 types of invertebrates (invertrados) Sponges, anthropods
What helpful fungi can do for you and the world? They can be used to make medicine, penicillin comes from bread mold!
Why do scientists classify living things? Scientists classify living things to help them understand how they might be related and to make it easier to study them.
How do scientists classify living things? Scientists classify living things by looking at similarities and differences in functions and structures.
The study of classification is called what? Taxonomy
What are the seven levels of in which all living things are classified? Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Can two organisms in the same family be in different kingdoms? No Copyright © 2012 S Gissendanner Free for personal and classroom use
Created by: Mr Giss