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Government Exam

For SS 11 - and Provincial exam notes

Constitution act (1982) is a part of the Constitution of Canada. The Act was introduced as part of Canada's process of "patriating" the constitution, introducing several amendments
British North American Act (1867) With the passing of the British North America Act in 1867, Canada became a Dominion in the British Commonwealth and John A. Macdonald became Canada's first prime minister.
Head of State is the individual who serves as the chief public representative of a monarchy, republic, federation, commonwealth or other kind of state.
Constitional Monarchy a form of government in which a monarch acts as head of state within the parameters of a constitution, whether it be a written, uncodified, or blended constitution.
Governor General the federal viceregal representative of the Canadian monarch, Queen Elizabeth II.
House of Commons is a component of the Parliament of Canada
Member of Parliament is a representative of the voters to a parliament.
Speaker The MP who acts as the referee in the House of Commons.
Prime Minister In Canada, the leader of the party that forms the Government of the country.
Leader of offical opposition he party with the most seats in the House of Commons that is not a member of the government
Cabinet soliditary, party discipline The united front presented by the Cabinet ministers.
Constitucionary, riding, seat, electral district The population of a particular geographical area designated a political unit for the purpose of voting.
Party platform a list of the actions which a political party, individual candidate, or other organization
Senate is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the House of Commons, and the monarch
Senator A member of a senate.
Premier is the head of government of a province or territory
M.L.A Member of the legislative assembly
Party whip Party Whip is the member of a political party in the Canadian House of Commons, the Canadian Senate or a provincial legislature charged with ensuring party discipline among members of the caucus.
representation by population method by which seats are allocated in the House of Commons in such a way as to vary with population. The higher the population of a province, the larger the number of seats allocated to that province will be.
legislative branch writes laws on a bill.
consecutive branch A branch of Government that implements or carries out Gov. policy's.
judical branch is in charge of the court system
federal Of, relating to, or denoting the central government as distinguished from the separate units constituting a federation.
provincial Of or concerning a province of a country or empire
municipal Of or relating to a city or town or its governing body.
step that the bill goes through to become a law 1.introduction 2. committee action 3. floor action 4. enactment into law 1.introduction 2.committee action 3.floor action 4.enactment into law
private members bill a proposed law introduced by a member of a legislature.
minority government a cabinet of a parliamentary system formed when a political party or coalition of parties does not have a majority of overall seats in the parliament but is sworn into government to break a Hung Parliament election result.
majority government a government formed by a governing party that has an absolute majority of seats in the legislature or parliament in a parliamentary system.
patronage The power to control appointments to office or the right to privileges.
oppinion polls a survey of public opinion from a particular sample.
First past the post First past the post voting is a generic term referring to an election determined by the highest polling candidate(s)
lobby group the act of attempting to influence decisions made by officials in the government, most often legislators or members of regulatory agencies.
dissolution The closing down or dismissal of an assembly, partnership, or official body.
enumeration to specify one after another;
nomination the condition of having been proposed as a suitable candidate for appointment or election
campaigning Campaigning is the process of mobilising people to join together to take action to challenge the powerful to make decisions to help benefit, not harm the powerless.
balloting The act, process, or method of voting, especially in secre
tabulation the act of putting into tabular form; "the tabulation of the results"
acclamation a form of election that does not use a ballot.
caucus A meeting of the members of a legislative body who are members of a particular political party, to select candidates or decide policy.
universal Of, affecting, or done by all people or things in the world or in a particular group.
examples of provincial and federal responsibilities Federal: Copyrights, Citizenship and census Provincial: Civil Rights, Education and health
Levels of government Federal, Provincial/territorial and municipal
Charter of rights and freedoms rights and freedoms set out in it subject only to such reasonable limits prescribed by law as can be demonstrably justified in a free and democratic society.
fundamental freedoms freedom of conscience and religion; freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression, including freedom of the press and other media of communication; freedom of peaceful assembly; and freedom of association.
equality rights Every individual is equal before and under the law and has the right to the equal protection and equal benefit of the law without discrimination.
mobility rights Every citizen of Canada has the right to enter, remain in and leave Canada. Every citizen of Canada and every person who has the status of a permanent resident of Canada has the right to move to and take up residence in any province.
democratict rights Every citizen of Canada has the right to vote in an election of members of the House of Commons or of a legislative assembly and to be qualified for membership therein.
minority language rights Citizens have the right to have their children receive primary and secondary school instruction in that language in that province.
vote of non-confidence voting to decide if the majority of members in the House of Commons still have confidence in the Canadian government's ability to lead the country.
amending formula by which an alteration to the Constitution, whether modification, deletion, or addition is accomplished.
Created by: ZeeSergeant
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