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BPOC TX Penal Code

Texas Penal Code

TermDefinition
Criminal Negligence Ought to be aware of a substantial and unjustifiable risk of harm. (Failure to perceive the risk)
Reckless Aware but consciously disregards a substantial and unjustifiable risk of harm. Reckless conduct is conduct that constitutes a gross deviation from the standard of care that an ordinary person would excercise. (Assumption of the risk).
Knowingly Aware of the nature of his conduct.
Intentionally Conscious objective or desire of the accused to engage in the conduct.
Element of the Offense 1. The forbidden conduct. 2. The required culpability. 3. Any required result. 4. The negation of any exception to the offense.
Misdemeanor Punishable by fine, or confinement, or both
Felony Punishable by death (Capital Offense), or confinement in a penitentiary.
Tampering with a witness (or prospective witness) Any person who possesses a threat to you because of what he knows. > CMS - Intent to influence a witness. > Act - Offers, confers, or agrees to confer (coercion is covered here), any benefit, on a witness, in an official proceeding, to alter testimony.
Tampering with a witness Classification Felony 3 or most highest offense charged in criminal case.
Official Proceeding Any proceeding that is conducted in front of a public servant.
Improper Influence (About the courts) Prohibits private communication with a public servant. Intent to influence the outcome of a proceeding in court. Misdemeanor A.
Coercion of a public servant or voter Coercion means threat. CMS- Intential , Knowing, or reckless. Act - Influence or attempt to influence by threat, a public servant or voter. Misdemeanor A, unless threaten a felony then it is a Felony 3.
Exception "It is an exception to the application of..." You must negate the exception as an element of the offense only when this exact language appears in the code.
Law of Parties Intent to promote or assist in the commission of an offense. Solicit, encourage, directs, aids, or attempts to aid another in committing an offense.
Affirmative Defense Each element of the defense must be proven. Burden of proof falls on defendant. Must be proven by a preponderance of the evidence.
Criminal Episode Two or more offenses. AND Offenses are pursuant to the same transaction. OR Two or more offenses that are connected to a common scheme.
Sentencing in a Criminal Episode Sentence can run concurrently as a rule. Stacking allowed: Intoxication Assault Intoxication Manslaughter Sex Crimes against Children During Severance (separate trials - Asked for by defendant)
Causation A person is criminally responsible if the result would not have occurred BUT FOR his conduct.
Transferred Intent It doesn't matter that the offense committed or the victim harmed was not the intended offense or victim.
Writ of Habeas Corpus "You have the body" Writ to make the sheriff prove to a judge why you are in custody.
Bodily Injury Physical pain, Illness, Or any impairment of physical condition
Serious Bodily Injury Substantial risk of death or causes death or serious permanent disfigurement or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member or organ.
Deadly Weapon Firearm, Or anything manifestly designed for the purpose of inflicting death or SBI, Or anything used in a way that is capable of causing death or SBI.
Owner Title Holder, Or person with greater right to possession
Death Includes, for an individual who is an unborn child, the failure to be born alive.
Bribery CMS- Intentional or Knowing. Act- Offer, confer, or agree to conferor solicit, accept or agree to accept: Any benefit as concideration for the recipents decision, vote or other excercise of discretion as a party official, public servant, or voter
As consideration for means Inducement to a contract. This is what makes a bribe different than a gift.
Benefit Anything reasonably regarded as pecuniary gain or pecuniary advantage, including benefit to any other person in whose welfare the beneficiary has a direct and substantial interest.
Fraudulent use or possession of identifying information CMS- Intent to harm or defraud. Act- Obtain, possess, transfer or use any item of "identifying information", without the consent of the owner. Classify penalty based on number of identifying items the actor has.
Forgery CMS- Intent to harm or defraud another. Act- Forges a writing. Misdemeanor A as a general rule, State Jail if codicil or deed, Felony 3 if money or stocks, Raise one level if victim is elderly.
Credit Card or Debit Card Abuse CMS- Intent to obtain a benefit fraudulently. Act- Present or Use a credit or debit card, with knowledge that the card is not yours or that the card has been revoked or cancelled. 10 other ways to misuse. State jail unless elderly vic.then it is Felony 3.
Writing Printing Money, coins, tokens, stamps, badges symbols of value, right, priviledge, or identification
Forge Alter a writing Transfer a forged writing possess a forged writing with intent to pass it
Unauthorized acquisition or transfer of certain financial information CMS- Knowing you are not entitled to have it. Act- obtain or possess it or transfer it to a 3rd party. MA or MB
Tampering with Identification Numbers CMS- Intentional or Knowing. Act- Remove, alter, or obliterate the serial number of tangible personal property OR possess or sell property where the numbers have been removed. Class A Misdemeanor.
Unauthorized use of Motor Vehicle CMS- Intetionally or Knowingly (No intent to deprive that is what makes it different from theft). Act- operate a motor vehicle without consent of the owner. State Jail Felony
Theft of Service CMS- Intent to avoid payment for service. Act- Obtain service. Use standard value ladder for classification.
Theft CMS- Intent to deprive the owner of property. Act- Unlawfully appropriates property.
Trespass by license holder with concealed or open carry license Carrying a handgun with a license, without effective consent, notice that your gun is not welcome, you carry or open carry.
Criminal Attempt CMS- Intent to commit a specific offense. Act- one act beyond mere preparation which tends to effect the commission of the intended offense. Classify one level below the intended offense.
Criminal Trespass Classifications General Rule is class B misdemeanor. Several special situations that change the penalty.
Criminal Trespass CMS- Intentional, knowing, or reckless (assumed because not listed, comes from ch.6). Act- Enter or remain on property without effective consent of the owner, with notice that you are not welcome. Requires entry of the entire body.
Notice for Criminal Trespass Oral or written request to leave. Fencing "No Trespassing" sign Purple paint
Burglary of Motor Vehicle Classifications Generally a class A Misdemeanor. State Jail if the defendant has 2 or more prior BMV convictions OR if the vehicle is a rail car.
Burglary of Motor Vehicle CMS- Intent to commit a felony or theft. Act- Break or enter the vehicle or any part of the vehicle.
Burglary of a coin operated machine CMS- Intent to obtain property or services. Act- Break or enter into a coin operated machine, without the consent of the owner. Class A misdemeanor.
Burglary Crime Classifications Bulding- State Jail Habitation- Felony 2 Habitation with intent to commit a felony other than theft- Felony 1
Burglary CMS- Intent to commit a felony theft or assault. Act- Entering the plane with your body, any part of your body or any object attached to your body. OR: Remaining concealed in a building or habitation with the same CMS.
Entrapment Induced to commit the crime by law enforcement. Conduct merely affording you the opportunity to commit a crime is NOT entrapment.
Duress Affirmative Defense. Elements- Defendant compelled to engage in the prohibited conduct. Felony- threat or imminent death or SBI. Misdemeanor- Force or threat of force.
Intoxication Voluntary intoxication is NEVER a defense to a crime.
Mistake of Law Ignorance of the law is NOT a defense
Mistake of Fact Not an affirmative defense. Reasonable belief that negates CMS.
Insanity Affirmative Defense. Elements- At the time of the offense actor had a severe mental disease or defect. As a result of that disease, the actor DID NOT KNOW his conduct was wrong.
Act bobily movement whether voluntary or involuntary and includes speech
Actor A person whose criminal responsibilty is in issue in a criminal action. Suspect.
Agency Authority, board, bureau, commission, committee, counsil, department, district, division, office.
Another A person other than the actor
Association a government or governmental subdivision or agency, trust, partnership, or two or more persons having a joint or common economic interest.
Coercion Threat, to commit an offense, to inflict bodily injury to another, to accuse a person of any offense, to take or withhold action as a public servant or to cause a public servant to take or withhold action.
Conduct an act or ommission and its accompanying mental state.
consent Assent in fact
Effective consent Consent by a person legally authorized to act for the owner
Official Proceeding any type of administrative, executive, legislative, or judicial proceeding that may be conducted before a public servant.
Jurisdiction Authority or power over someone or something
Proof beyond a reasonable doubt Prosecutor's burden to get a conviction at trial
Proof beyond a preponderance of the evidence Defendant's burden on affirmative defenses.
Probable Cause Peace officer's burden in order to make an arrest.
Murder CMS- Intentionally or knowingly Act- causes a death. Intended to cause SBI or to commit a felony and the act was clearly dangerous to human life and caused the death. Felony 1 unless adequate cause (sudden passion) then felony 2.
Adequate Cause Cause that would commonly produce a degree of anger, rage, resentment, or terror in a person of ordinary temper, sufficient to render the mind incapable of cool reflection
Capital Murder CMS- Intentionally or knowingly. Act- cause a death. AND Victim is a peace officer/Fireman & in lawful discharge of official duty, Murder for $$$, Victim under 10, multiple victims, murder in the course of kidnapping, burg, robbery, agg sex assault; ect.
Manslaughter CMS- Recklessly. Act- Cause a death. Felony 2
Criminally Negligent Homicide CMS- Criminal Negligence. Act- Casues a death. State Jail Felony
Criminal Solicitation CMS- Intent to commit a Felony 1 or Capital Murder. Act- Requests, commands, or attempts to induce another to commit the felony intended. Classify- F1 if capital felony was intended, F2 if F1 was intended.
Renunciation Affirmative defense. Elements- Voluntarily and completely, The Actor abandoned Criminal Conduct, OR the actor took affirmative action to prevent the offense.
Criminal Instruments CMS- Intent to use. Act- Possess anything the possession, manufacture, or sale of which is NOT OTHERWISE AN OFFENSE that is specifically designed, made or adapted for use in the commission of an offense. Classify one level below intended offense.
Unlawful installation of a tracking device CMS- Knowingly. Act- Installs tracking device on a motor vehicle owned by someone else.
Kidnapping CMS- Intentional or knowing. Act- Abducts another person. F3. Affirmative defense- No deadly force intent or threat, Relative with intent to lawfully assume control of the victim.
Abduct Restrain a person with intent to prevent his liberation by; Secreting or holding him in a place where he is not likely to be found; OR Using or threatening to use deadly force.
Restrain restrict a person's movements without consent, so as to interfere substantially with the person's liberty, by moving the person from one place to another or by confining the person.
Relative a parent or stepparent, ancestor, sibling, or uncle or aunt, including an adoptive relative of the same degree through marriage or adoption.
Unlawful Restraint CMS- Intentional or knowing. Act- Restrains another person. Mis. A as general rule. State jail victim under 17. F3 if victim is recklessly exposed to SBI. Affirmative defense- Child under 14 AND relative AND intent is to assume lawful control of child.
Aggravated Kidnapping CMS- Intentional or Knowing. Act- Abducts another with intent to hold him for ransom; use him as a shield or hostage; commit a felony or flight; inflict BI or sex abuse; terrorize him; interfere with government; or use or display of deadly weapon. F1
Smuggling of Persons CMS- Intent 2 obtain pecuniary benefit Act- use a mv 2 trans. someone with intent to conceal from an officer, ICE, or 2 flee OR Encourage a person 2 enter or remain in the country in violation of law by concealing, harboring or shielding from detection F3
Continuous Smuggling During the period of ten or more days a person engages in two or more smugglings. F2 unless there is liklihood for SBI or death than it is a F1
Trafficking of persons CMS- Knowingly. Act- Traffic another person with intent that the trafficked person engage in forced labor or services. F2 general rule. Child victim (even if actor did not know the childs age) F1.
Criminal Solicitation of a Minor CMS- Intent to commit a 3G offense (virtually all felonies). Act- Requests, commands, attempts to induce minor (under 17) to engage in specific conduct that would constitute a 3G or make the minor a party to a 3G.
Online Solicitation of a Minor CMS- Intent to commit a 62.001 Offense (sex crime and trafficking) Act- intentionally contact a minor (under 17) through the internet, email, text and communicates or distributes sexually explicit material. OR knowingly solicits a minor to engage in sex
Deviate Sexual Intercourse Any contact between any part of the genitals of one person and the mouth or anus of another person; OR the penetration of the genitals or the anus of another person with an object.
Sexual Contact Any touching of the anus, breast, or any part of the genitals of another person with intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person.
Public Place Any place to which the public or a substantial group of the public has access.
Public Lewdness CMS- Knowingly Act- in a Public place has Sex OR Sexual contact OR sex with a bird! OR Not in a public place has sex OR Sexual contact OR Sex with a bird! Knowingly reckless about whether another is present who would be offended or alarmed. Mis. A
Indecent Exposure CMS- Intent to arouse or gratify sexual desire. Act- Exposes anus or genitals and is reckless about whether another is present who would be offended. Mis. B Unless child (under 17, must know vic. is minor) than it is Indecency with a Child by Exposure F3.
Indecency with a Child CMS- Intent to arouse or gratify sex.desire. Act- Engages in sexual contact with a child (under 17) the actor does not need to know a child is present. F2. Affirm. Defense- Actor not more than 3 years older than vic. No duress AND Actor not a sex offender
Continuous sexual abuse of young children 30 or more days, Two or more acts of sexual abuse with Victim younger than 14. F1.
Invasive Visual Recording CMS- Intent to invade privacy. Act- Without the other person’s consent Photographs intimate areas. The victim has a reasonable expectation of privacy. This offense also criminalizes photographing in bathrooms, changing rooms. State Jail Felony.
Unlawful disclosure of promotion of intimate visual material (revenge porn) CMS- Intentionally. Act. Without effective consent Discloses visual material depicting intimate parts. Mis. A
Voyeurism CMS- intent to arouse or gratify sexual desire. Act- observes another person without the other person's consent while they are in a dwelling or structure in which the person has a reasonable expectation of privacy. MC unless prior conviction then MB.
Assault Mis. A CMS- Intentional, knowing, or reckless. Act- Causes BI OR Offensive or provocative physical contact with elderly (65+) or disabled.
Assault Classifications When MA assault is an act of family violence, assault is enhanced to F3 after only one prior family violence conviction (includes deferred adjudication) (excludes prior MC conviction). F3 if vic is a public servant & BI. MB if vic is sports participant.
Assault Mis. C CMS- Intentional, knowing, or reckless. Act- Offensive or provocative physical contact OR Threatens BI.
Aggravated Assault Enhance any assault (MA or MC) to a felony aggravated assault when Victim receives SBI. OR The accused used or exhibited a deadly weapon. F2 as a rule. F1 if actor is a public servant, vic is a public servant or security officer, Deadly weapon & SBI & FV.
Sexual Assault CMS- intentional/knowing. Act- causes the penetration of the anus, sex organ, or mouth of another person by any means, without that person's consent or to a child (under 17). F2
Aggravated Sexual Assault (F1) Sex assault + SBI or attempt death OR put vic. in fear that death, SBI or kidnap will occur to anyone OR threaten death, SBI or kidnap of anyone OR Use or show deadly weapon OR Gang rape OR Vic < than 14, 65+ or disabled OR rohypnol, GHB or ketamine used.
Abandoning a child CMS- Intentionally Act- Leaves the child (< 15) w/out reasonable & necessary care, No similarly-situated adult would leave the kid. Negate the exception “this defendant did not voluntarily deliver the child to a designated emergency infant care provider”
Abandoning a child Classifications SJ if intended to return; F3 if didn't; F2 if child was in IMMINENT danger of physical mental impairment, death or BI.
Endangering a child CMS- Intentional, knowing, reckless OR criminal negligence Act- By Act or omission place child in Imminent danger of death, bodily injury, or physical or mental impairment. State Jail Felony.
Deadly Conduct Mis. A CMS- Reckless. Act- Place another in imminent danger of SBI. Recklessness and danger are presumed when a firearm is pointed in the direction of a person.
Deadly Conduct F3 CMS- Knowingly. Act- Discharge firearm towards a building, habitation or vehicle Reckless if target is occupied. It is irrelevant that the actor believed the gun to be unloaded; & it is also irrelevant that the building, vehicle or habitation was empty.
Criminal Solicitation CMS- Intent to commit a capital offense or a Felony 1. Act- Request, commands, or attempts to induce another to commit the felony intended. Classify felony 1 if capital offense was intended, felony 2 if offense solicited was a felony 1.
Terroristic Threats CMS- Intent to: Cause emergency response MB, Place a person in fear of IMMINENT SBI MB,when FV MA, Cause an evacuation MA,Impair public transportation or utilities F3, Cause the public to fear SBI F3, Infl. gov. F3. Act- Threat to commit violent offense
Harassment by persons in certain correctional facilities OR harassment of a public servant CMS- Intent to assault, harass or alarm Act- While confined in a correctional facility Cause another person To contact blood, urine, feces etc OR CMS- Intent to harass or alarm. Act- Causes a public servant To contact blood, urine, feces etc.F3
Bigamy If you are married you cannot marry again until your divorce is final. F2
Interference with Child Custody CMS- Knowingly. Act- Take or retain a child (<18) in violation of custody order. If no order There is no offense when a parent keeps his/her own child. If pending custody order you cannot take the child outside of jurisdiction of the court. State Jail
Harboring a Runaway Child CMS- Knowingly. Act- Harbor child (<18) who has escaped from custody OR who has voluntarily left home w/out permission for a substantial length of time or without intent to return AND are Criminally negligent about determining whether he is a runaway. MA
Violation of certain court orders [protective orders] CMS- Intentional/ Knowing. Act- Violate the order; MA as a general rule BUT if the violation is any act of stalking or assault F3; F3 violation of protective order if the defendant has two or more prior convictions for VPO
Habitation Structure or vehicle adapted for overnight accomodation of persons.
Building Any structure or enclosure intended for use or occupation as a habitation or for some purpose of trade, manufacture, ornament, or use.
Property Real property, tangible or intangible personal property, a document, including money, that represents or embodies anything of value.
Open-Space Land Real Property that is undeveloped for the purpose of human habitation.
Arson CMS- Knowing. Act- Start a fire with intent to destroy or damage: vegetation, fence, or structure on open-space land OR a building, habitation, or vehicle knowing: it is in the city limits, insured, mortgaged, property that isn't yours, etc. F2
Arson Classifications Generally F2, F1 if BI is suffered or it is a church. State Jail Felony when reckless you start a fire or explosion due to cooking drugs OR F3 if it causes BI or death. SJF if Arson destroy's building of another or causes BI or death.
Criminal Mischief CMS- Intentional/Knowing. Act- Without consent of the owner Damage or destroy tangible property OR tamper with tangible property causing pecuniary loss or substantial inconvenience. Classify based on the value ladder. Aggregate damages.
Graffiti CMS- Intentional/knowing. Act- Without consent of the owner Makes markings on property With: Paint, Indelible marker, Etching or engraving device. Same value ladder as criminal mischief to classify penalty.
“In the course of committing theft” Includes attempted theft, during the theft, and flight
Robbery CMS- Intentionally, knowingly or recklessly Act- In the course of committing theft cause BI OR THREATENS or places another in fear of imminent (NOW) bodily injury or death. F2
Theft CMS- Intent. Act- Obtain or maintain control of property.
Aggravated Robbery Robbery plus: Causes Serious Bodily Injury OR Use or display of a deadly weapon OR Causes fear in a victim who is elderly (65+) or disabled
Obstruction or Retaliation (F3, F2 if a juror) CMS- Intentional/knowing. Act- Harm or threaten to harm Protected person By an unlawful act, Retaliation– in retaliation for service or status as a protected person OR Obstruction– to prevent or delay service as a protected person.
Perjury CMS- Intent to deceive. Act- With knowledge of a statement’s meaning you Make a false statement under oath Or swear to the truth of a statement previously made. The statement is required to be made under oath. Mis. A
Aggravated Perjury Start with MA perjury add during an Official proceeding the statement is material to the proceeding – Material means that it could have affected the outcome. F3
False report to peace officer, special investigator or law enforcement employee CMS- Intent to deceive. Act- Knowingly Make a false statement To a peace officer or employee During a criminal investigation. The Statement is material to the investigation. Mis. B
Tampering with or Fabricating Evidence F3 CMS- Intent impair its verity legibility or availability as evidence. Act- Know an invest. or offense has occurred Alter destroy or conceal a record doc. or thing OR Make use or present record doc. or thing Knowing its false OR Fail 2 report a corpse
Impersonating a public servant CMS- Intent to induce another to submit to pretended authority. Act- Impersonate a public servant F3
Neutral Contact Subject Refuses to ID No Charge NC
Terry Stop Subject Refuses to ID No Charge TS
Arrest Perp Refuses to ID Charge Fail to ID MB Class A if fugitive from justice AR
Neutral Contact Subject Gives false ID No charge unless a witness
Neutral Contact Subject Obstructs by force Charge Resisting Arrest MA F3 if Deadly Weapon Used NC
Neutral Contact Subject Runs Away No Charge NC
Terry Stop Subject Gives False ID Charge Failure to ID MB Class A if fugitive from justice TS
Terry Stop Subject Obstructs by Force Charge Resisting Arrest MA F3 if Deadly Weapon Used TS
Terry Stop Subject Runs Away Charge Evading Arrest MA, F3 in a vehicle, or SBI, F2 if death, SJ if 1 Prior TS
Arrest Perp Gives False ID Charge Failure to ID MB Class A if fugitive from justice AR
Arrest Perp Obstructs by Force Charge Resisting Arrest MA F3 if Deadly Weapon Used AR
Arrest Perp Runs Away Charge Evading Arrest MA, F3 in a vehicle, or SBI, F2 if death, SJ if 1 Prior AR
Hindering Apprehension CMS- Intent to hinder the arrest, prosecution, conviction or punishment of another for an offense. Act- Harbor or conceal; help them escape; or warn them of impending discovery MA unless the person they help is charged with a felony, F3
Escape CMS- Intentional/knowing/reckless. Act- Escape from custody Under arrest for, lawfully detained charged with or convicted of an offense. MA Generally.
Permitting or facilitating escape CMS- Knowingly. Act- Employee of correctional facility Permits or facilitates escape. F3 unless the item is a deadly weapon F2.
Bail jumping Lawfully released from custody, but he fails to return as directed. MA if original offense was a MA or MB, MC if offense was an MC, F3 if offense was a felony.
Hindering Proceedings by disorderly conduct CMS- Intentional. Act- Hinder an official proceeding (anything conducted by a public servant) By noise, violence or tumultuous behavior. OR CMS- Reckless. Act- Hinder an official proceeding After a request to stop. Mis. A
Taking or attempting to take a weapon from a peace officer CMS- Intentional/knowing. Act- Intent to harm the officer or a third person, Use force, To take or attempt to take From a peace officer et.al., Firearm, nightstick or pepper spray, stun gun. SJ unless he gets the weapon; F3 if he gets it!
Interference with Public Duties CMS- Criminal Negligence. Act- Interfere with peace officer, EMS, Firefighter, drug dog. Mis. B
Abuse of Official capacity CMS- Intentional/knowing. Act- Intent to benefit himself OR harm or defraud another Violate a law relating to his office OR misuse government property. This uses the same value ladder as theft.
Official Oppression CMS- Knowing that his conduct is unlawful. Act- Public servant, Color of office, subjects another to mistreatment, arrest, detention, search, seizure OR Denies or impedes in the exercise of any right, privilege or power OR Sexual harassment. Mis. A
Violation of the rights of a person in custody; improper sexual activity with a person in custody CMS- Intentionally. Act- Employee of correctional facility or peace officer Deny a person in custody, rights, privileges, immunity Knowing his conduct is unlawful (MA) OR Consensual sex with a person in custody (SJ)
Disorderly Conduct CMS- Intentionally/knowingly. Act- uses abusive, indect, profane, or vulgar language; displays an offesive gesture; fights; exposes anus; several other things that are a BREACH OF THE PUBLIC PEACE. Mis. C unless a weapon is used then it is a Mis. B.
Riot CMS- Knowingly participate in a gathering of 7 or more. Act- Create an immediate danger of damage to property or injury to persons OR substantially obstructs law enforcement OR by force, threat or physical action deprives any person of a legal right.
Riot Classification General rule Mis. B. unless anyone participating commits a foreseeable offense in furtherance of the assembly; in this case the offense is the same classification as the additional offense. Example F2 Riot by Arson.
Obstructing a highway or passageway CMS- Intentional knowing or reckless. Act- Obstruct a public passageway (very broad concept) OR disobeys a request to move to prevent obstruction. Mis. B.
Prohibited Conduct that could involve Freedom of Speech An official order to move is a prerequisite to violations under chapter 42.
Disrupting a meeting or procession CMS- Intent to prevent or disrupt a meeting. Act- Obstructs or interferes by physical action or verbal utterance. Mis. B
False Alarm or Report CMS- Knowingly. Act- Knwing it is false communicate a false report of bombing, fire, offense or other emergency, could case an emergency response OR place a person in fear of imminent SBI or interrupt a building. Mis. A, unless it's a school then SJ.
Harassment CMS- Intent to harass, alarm, annoy, abuse, torment, embarrass. Act- Obscene calls; Threatens a felony or bodily injury (not imminent); False report that another is dead; Repeated ringing; Failure to hang up. Mis. B, priors Mis. A
Stalking CMS- Knowing. Act- On more than one DOCUMENTED occasion, same scheme or course of conduct THREATENS, causes FEAR, AND Reasonableness of the Fear. F3 unless 2 or more priors then F2.
Prostitution CMS- Knowingly. Act- Offer to engage in sexual conduct OR solicit For hire. Mis. B, MA if 1 or two priors, SJ 3 or more priors, F2 if the person solicited is under age 18 OR represented to be so.
Promotion of prostitution Receiving money from prostitution OR recruiting people to work as prostitutes. MA or SJ with previous convictions F2 if the offense involved victims under age 18
Aggravated promotion of prostitution Managing or investing in two or more prostitutes; this is someone who is running a prostitution business. F3, but F1 if the business included children under age 18
Compelling prostitution CMS- Knowingly. Act- Cause another by force threat or fraud To commit prostitution OR Causes a child under 18 to commit prostitution by any means. F2 but F1 if the offense involved a child under age 18.
Obscene display or distribution CMS- Intentional/knowing. Act- Display or distribute obscene photograph or drawing or similar visual & Reckless about whether another is present who would be offended. Mis. C
Sexual performance by a child (under age 18) CMS- Knowing. Act- Authorize or induce a child To engage in a sexual performance that includes sexual conduct. F3 unless under 14 then F2.
Employment harmful to children Authorize, employ or induce a child under age 18 To work in a sexually oriented commercial activity Or authorizes, induces or employs a child to work anywhere topless F2, F1 is a child is under age 14.
Possession or promotion of child pornography 0CMS- Knowingly or intentionally. Act- Possess OR access with intent to view Visual material That visually depicts a child under age 18 who is engaging in sexual conduct. F3 but F2 if prior convictions. F1 if two or more prior convictions.
Club An instrument that is specially designed, made, or adapted for the purpose of inflicting serious bodily injury or death by striking a person with the instrument. Includes but is not limited to: (A) blackjack; (B) nightstick; (C) mace; (D) tomahawk.
Explosive weapon Any explosive or incendiary bomb, grenade, rocket, or mine, that is designed, made, or adapted for the purpose of inflicting SBI, death or substantial property damage or for the purpose of causing such a loud report as to cause undue public alarm.
Firearm Any device designed, made, or adapted to expel a projectile through a barrel by using the energy generated by an explosion or burning substance or any device readily convertible to that use.
Firearm silencer Any device designed, made, or adapted to muffle the report of a firearm.
Handgun Any firearm that is designed, made, or adapted to be fired with one hand.
Illegal knife Knife with a blade over 5.5"; Hand instrument designed to cut or stab another by being thrown; Dagger, including but not limited to a dirk, stilletto, and poniard; Bowie knife; Sword; or Spear.
Knife Any bladed hand instrument that is capable of inflicting serious bodily injury or death by cutting or stabbing a person with the instrument.
Knuckles Any instrument that consists of finger rings or guards made of a hard substance and that is designed, made, or adapted for the purpose of inflicting serious bodily injury or death by striking a person with a fist enclosed in the knuckles.
Machine gun Any firearm that is capable of shooting more than two shots automatically, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger.
Short-barrel firearm A rifle with a barrel length of less than 16 inches or a shotgun with a barrel length of less than 18 inches, or any weapon made from a shotgun or rifle if, as altered, it has an overall length of less than 26 inches.
Switchblade knife Any knife that has a blade that folds, closes or retracts into the handle or sheath, and: Opens automatically by pressure applied to a button; OR Opens or releases a blade from the handle by the force of gravity or by the application of centrifugal force.
Armor-piercing ammunition Handgun ammunition that is designed primarily for the purpose of penetrating metal or body armor and to be used principally in pistols and revolvers.
Hoax bomb A device that: Reasonably appears to be an explosive or incendiary device; OR By its design causes alarm or reaction of any type by an official of a public safety agency or a volunteer agency organized to deal with emergencies.
Chemical dispensing device A device, other than a small chemical dispenser sold commercially for personal protection, that is designed, made, or adapted for the purpose of dispensing a substance capable of causing an adverse psychological or physiological effect on a human being.
Zip gun A device or combination of devices that was not originally a firearm and is adapted to expel a projectile through a smooth-bore or rifled-bore barrel by using the energy generated by an explosion or burning substance.
Unlawful carrying weapons CMS- Intentionally, knowingly or recklessly. Act- Carries Handgun, illegal knife or club And not on his own premises or inside or en route to a motor vehicle or watercraft under his own control. Mis. A. F3 if in a tavern.
Places weapons prohibited CMS- Intentionally, knowingly or recklessly. Act- Possess Firearm, illegal knife or club, At any of these places: Public or private school; Polling places; Courthouse; Racetrack; Airport; TDC on the day of an execution.
Unlawful possession of firearm Actor has a conviction for a felony Possesses a firearm Before the fifth anniversary of his release from confinement/parole/or probation (whichever is later) Or any time outside the home. F3
Prohibited weapons CMS- Intentional/knowing. Act- Possess knuckles, armor-piercing ammunition, chemical dispensing device, zip gun or tire deflation device OR possesses explosive weapon, machine gun, short-barrel firearm, firearm silencer if not properly registered with ATF
Making a firearm accessible to a child CMS- Criminal negligence. Act- Failed to secure gun, within reach of child (<17). MC unless the child discharges the firearm and causes death or SBI, in which case it’s a MA.
Possession of alcoholic beverage in motor vehicle CMS- Knowingly. Act- Possess open container Passenger area of motor vehicle (not in locked glove box, trunk, or behind the last upright seat, if no trunk) on a Public highway Regardless of whether it’s being operated, stopped or parked. MC
Driving while intoxicated CMS- None (Intoxicated). Act- Operating motor vehicle in a Public place. MB no priors, MA if twice the limit or one prior, F3 if 2 or more priors.
DWI with a child passenger DWI with Child passenger under the age of 15. State Jail Felony.
Intoxication assault Operating motor vehicle, boat, plane, ride By reason of intoxication Somebody suffers SBI By accident or mistake. F3 If death than it becomes Intoxication Manslaughter F2.
Combination 3 or more persons who get together to commit crimes
Criminal Street Gang 3 or more persons with Common identifying sign or symbol AND/OR Identifiable leadership who regularly commits crimes.
Organized crime Virtually all major felonies and some misdemeanors are included here e.g. murder, capital murder, robbery, arson and misdemeanors such as gambling, prostitution, burglary motor vehicle, assault, drug offenses.
Engaging in organized crime CMS- Intent to participate in a combination or criminal street gang. Act- Commits one of the listed offenses OR conspires with at least one other person to commit a listed offense. The actor performs an overt act in furtherance of the agreement.
Overt act Anything you physically do that leads toward the crime you are intending – it does not have to be a crime by itself. E.g. answering a telephone, casing a potential place to rob, buy a legal handgun, put gas in the get-away car
Created by: joshwrightcjm