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Blood

QuestionAnswer
What are the two key components of whole blood? Blood Plasma and Formed elements
What are the 3 main components of Blood Plasma? Water,proteins and solutes
What are the three main proteins found in blood? Albumins, Globulins and fibrogen
What are the 6 solutes found in blood? Electrolytes,nutrients,gases,regulatory substances, vitamins and water products.
what are formed elements? They are cells and cell fragments.
what are the three classes of formed elements? Platelets,white blood cells and red blood cells.
What are the five clsses of white blood cells? Neutrophils,lymphocytes,monocytes, eosinophils, and basophils.
What is the relationship of erythrocyte and erythropoiesis? An erythrocyte is an actual red blood cell that carries oxygen and an erythropoiesis is the FORMATION of red blood cells.
What is the relationship of red blood cells and reticulocytes? A reticulocyte is an immature red blood cell, they both carry oxygen
What is the function of a neutrophils? It is a white blood cell that destroys invading bacteria done by phagocytosis
What is the function of a monocytes? The same as a neutrophil, it kills invading bacteria by phagocytosis
What is the function of eosinophils? They are white blood cells that kill parasites, destroys cancer calls and are involved in allegergic responses.
What is the function of basophils? is a white blood cell that increases inflammation in the tissues.
What is the role of B,T and natural killer cells? They all are part of the immune system. B-cells produce antibodies that help destroy bacteria. T-cells attack viruses.and natural killers attack a variety of infectious microbes.
What is hemostasis? a sequence of responses that stops bleeding when blood vessels are injured.
What are the three methods of reduction of blood loss? The three methods are vascular spasm, platelet plug and clotting.
What is a hemorrhage? The loss of a large amount of blood from the vessels
what does vascular spasm aid in hemostasis? It reduces blood loss for a couple minutes and then hemostatic mechanism begins to operate.
How does the platelet plug help in hemostasis? when bleeding occurs the platelets come together to make a plug that helps fill the gap of the injured blood vessels.
How does clotting help in hemostasis? It forms a gel to reduce the bleeding.
The difference between Thrombus and an embolus is A thombus is the actual blood clot, it can dissolve. An embolus is a clot that transported by the blood stream.
What is a pulomonary embolism and why is it dangerous? when an embolus becomes lodged is in the lungs,it can result in right ventricular failure and death in a few minutes or hours.
What makes one blood group different than the other? Based on the presence or absense of isoantiigens.
How is type A blood different from Type B ? Type A blood has only type A antigens and makes antibodies against other types besides O and A . Type B blood has B antigens and make antibodies against the rest except O and B.
How is type AB blood different from types A and B blood? It has Both A and B antigens.
What does an A antibody do? What does a B antibody do? A antibody reacts with antigen A. And B antibodies react with B antigens.
Who has an A antibody who does not? Type A blood has antibody A as well as AB blood. but the rest of the blood type do not.
Who has B antibody who does not? Type B blood have B antibodies as well as type AB. The rest do not.
What happens in an uncompatible blood transfusion? antibodies in the persons plasma bind to the antigens on the donated red blood cells.
What is the difference of Rh+ and Rh- blood? Rh+ stand for a person that has the blood of the monkey rhesus.Rh- is the lack of rhesus monley in us.
What is Anemia and what are the symptoms of it? Condition in which oxygen-carrying capacity of blood is reduced. Fatigueness, intolerent to the cold, and skin appears pale are some of the symptoms.
What is the cause of iron-deficiency anemia? inadequate absorption of iron,excessive lossor iron, or insuffient intake or iron.
What is the cause of pemicious anemia? Insuffient hemopoesis resulting from an inability of the stomach to produce intrinstic factor needed to absorbof vitamin B.
What is the cause of hemorrhagic anemia? excessive loss of red blood cells through bleeding from large wounds, stomach ulcers and heavy menstrual cycles.
What is the cause of thalassemia? abnormality in one or more of the four polypeptide chains of the hemoglobin molecule.
What is the cause of hemolytic anemia? Red blood cell plasma membranes rupture too soon.
What is the cause of aplastic anemia? destruction of the red bone marrow caused by toxins, gamma radiation, and medication that inhibit enzymes needed for hemopoesis.
What is the cause and symptoms of sickle cell anemia? Hemoglobin S gives up oxygen to the interstitual fluid, it forms long stiff, rodlike structures that bend the red blood cells into a sickle shape, they rupture easily. Symptoms is difficult breathing.
What is the cause and symptoms of hemophilia? deficiency of clotting where bleeding is spontanous of after minor trauma. Symptoms: nosebleeds, blood in urine and hemorrhages in joints produce pain and tissue damage.
what is the symptoms and cause of luekemia? disease of blood- functioning tissue chacterized by uncontrolled production and accumulation of immature leukocytes. symptoms: weakness, fatigueness, and get sick easily.
What is an reticylocyte? counting the volume of reticylocytes in blood measures the rate of red blood cells.
what is Hematocrit? the percentage of blood that is made up of red blood cells.
what is differential white blood cell count? counts different forms of white blood cells to assees for diseases.
what is a cbc? it measures the volume of blood components. and componets that are out of range.
emia? blood condition
Erythro? red
Gluco? sugar
Glyco? sugar,sweet
hemo,hemato? blood,hemorrhage
rrhagia? hemorrhage, excessive discharge
phlebo? vein
thrombo? blood clot.
Created by: lauren g