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Chapter 1 Vocab

What is Science

QuestionAnswer
Adaptation Change that provides for better success of an organism that is inherited by the offspring
Biology The science of life
Development Process of natural changes over an organisms lifetime
Growth Addition of new cells and mass to an organism
Homeostasis Regulation of consistent internal conditions
Organism Anything that possesses or once possessed the characteristics of life
Organization Arranged in an orderly way
Reproduction Production of offspring
Response Reaction to a stimulus
Species A group of organisms which breed and produce fertile offspring
Stimulus Causes a reaction in an organism
Metric System System of measuring with units based on the powers of 10
Peer Review A process by which researchers work is evaluated by other professionals in the field
Science The body of knowledge based on the study of nature
Theory An explanation of a natural phenomenon supported by many observations and experiments
Control Group A group used for comparison in an experiment
Constant A factor that is the same for all cases in an experiment
Data Information gained from observations
Dependent Variable Factor that is being measured during an experiment
Experiment A controlled investigation into a natural phenomenon
Experimental Group Group in an experiment being exposed to the factor being tested
Hypothesis A testable explanation of a situation
Independent Variable Factor that is being changed by the experimenter
Inference Process of making a logical conclusion based on observed facts
Observation A measureable/seeable characteristic of something
Scientific Method Process generally followed by scientists to answer questions
Serendipity occurence of accidental or unexpected, but fortunate results
Level the values the independent variable is being tested at
Ethics moral principles that govern a person's behavior or the conducting of an activity
Forensics scientific tests or techniques used in connection with the detection of crime
Safety Symbol used to communicate dangers during a lab
Trial number of times each level is tested
Created by: mrbstp