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Biology 11 Chap 5.3

Genetic Processes: 5.3 Patterns of Inheritance

alleles one of two or more alternative forms of a gene that are found on the same place of a chromosome
autosomal dominant or recessive the gene of interest is found on one of the autosomes (1 – 22 in humans) and individuals that are affected acquire the trait by possessing either a dominant copy of the allele (autosomal dominant) or a recessive copy of the allele (autosomal recessive)
autosomes one of the non sex chromosomes. In humans it is one of chromosomes 1 - 22
carrier a type of autosomal recessive inheritance pattern in which an affected individual received the allele from parents that were both heterozygous.
gene a unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to an offspring and determines some characteristic
gene therapy The transplantation of normal genes into cells in place of missing or defective ones in order to correct genetic disorders.
genetic screening testing a population (or an individual) to identify individuals at risk for a genetic disease or for transmitting it
heredity the passing of genetic characters from parent to offspring
hybrid a genotype in which there is a mixture of dominant and recessive alleles
pedigree a diagram using specific symbols to show the ancestral relationships for an organism
probability the likely outcome of a cross, not necessarily the true outcome.
purebred an organism that possess identical alleles for the characteristic being considered.
sex chromosomes the X chromosome and the Y chromosome
Created by: marsenault