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Natural Selection

QuestionAnswer
The change in a species or population over time. Evolution
What term refers to a group of organisms so similar to each other that they can breed & produce fertile offspring? Species
Charles Darwin was a naturalist aboard what ship on a 5 year scientific journey? HMS Beagle
Darwin studied many species of animals & plants found only on what islands? Galapagos Islands
A process in which organisms possessing certain traits that make them better adapted to an environment tend to survive, reproduce, increase in number, and therefore, continue to thrive Natural Selection
Any variation that aids an organism's chances for survival in its environment. Adaptation
What is the name of Darwin's book? On the Origin of Species
Species alive today have evolved with modifications from what? Common Ancestors
The different traits of a species that is a mechanism of Natural Selection Variation
In what year did Darwin published his groundbreaking book? 1859
Darwin paid special attention to which two animals on the islands? Finches and Tortoises
Evolution happens by _______________ Chance
If a species is not adapted to environmental change, what two things could happen? It can move or it will go extinct
Adaptations allow animals to respond to and survive changes to their ___________________ Habitat
Organisms can choose to adapt. T/F False
The term given that describes organisms that are best adapted to survive in their habitat Survival of the Fittest
The process by which UNRELATED organisms evolve characteristics that are similar. Convergent Evolution
Created by: 100001916589047