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Ch12 Prosthodontics

QuestionAnswer
Noble Metals Gold(Au) Palladium(Pd) and Platinum(Pt).
Base Metals Chromium cobalt or chromium nickel, which may be used alone or with noble metals.
Porcelain Hard, translucent ceramic ware : shells, veneer covers
PFM Porcelain fused to metal
Composite resin material used for tooth colored replacement.
acrylic synthetic resin material used in fabrication of appliance parts
ceramic a hard brittle material produced from non metallic substances fired at high temperatures.
Titanium Corrosion resistant, lightweight, strong bio-compatible metal used in dental implants and posts.
Hardness Ability of a material to withstand penetration
tensile strength capability of a material to be stretched
elasticity ability of a material to be stretched and then resume its original shape.
ductility ability of a material to be drawn or hammered out as into a fine wire without breaking
Elongation Ability of a material to stretch before permanent deformation begins
full crown cast metal, tooth shaped cover that replaced the entire crown area.
Jacket Crown thin, preformed, metal shield used to cover a large area of anterior crowns, can be gold metal or metal covered with porcelain material to resemble tooth enamel.
dowel crown dull crown cover with dowel pin extending into the root canal of the pulpless tooth, usually positioned on anterior teeth.
fixed bridge cemented into the oral cavity and not removed by the patients. number of teeth involved determines the number of units.
Maryland Bridge replaced anterior or posterior tooth and is cemented directly to the adjacent or abutting teeth
cantilever bridge bridge with unsupported end, usually saddled
pontic artificial tooth part of the bridge that replaces the missing tooth and restores function to the bite
abutment natural tooth or teeth that are prepared to hold or support the retaining part of the bridgework in position
adjacent nearby or adjoining
complete denture removable appliance composed of artificial teeth set in an acrylic base
partial denture removable appliance composed of framework, artificial teeth and acrylic material, replaced one or more teeth in an arch.
immediate denture denture prosthesis that is placed into the mouth at the time the natural teeth are surgically removed.
overdenture prosthetic denture that is prepared to fit and be secured upon implant posts or prepared retained roots.
framework metal skeleton or spine onto which a removable prosthesis is constructed
saddle the part of the removable prosthesis that strides or straddles the gingival crest
rests small extensions of removable prosthesis made to fit or sit atop the adjoining teeth.
clasp extension of partial framework that grasps the adjoining teeth to provide support and retention of the prosthesis.
retained in fixed prosthesis, the part of the appliance that joins with abutting natural tooth to support the alliance.
connector device used to unite or attach two or more parts together
stress breaker a connector applied in stress bearing areas to provide a safe area for breakage
artificial teeth anatomical substitutes for natural teeth made of porcelain or acrylic material in various shades and shapes, called molds.
denture base acrylic part of the denture prosthesis that substitutes for the gingival tissue
flange (flanj) projecting rim or lower edge of prosthesis
post dam posterior edge of the maxillary denture; helps to maintain the denture and suction.
Elastomeric having properties similar to rubber
hydrocolloid hydro=water colloid= suspension of material
reversible hydrocolloid impression material that can change from a solid or gel state to a liquid form and back again depending upon temperature changes.
thermoplastic thermo=heat plastic=movable
irreversible hydrocolloid quality that once chemically set or in gel for, cannot be reversed or used again.
Extruder Gun twin cartridge calibrated mixing dispenser
catalyst substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
rubber bases silicone, polyether, polysulfide, and polyvinylsiloxane.
compound non elastic impression material that may be used in edentulous impressions.
Edentulous without teeth
alveolectomy surgical removal of alveolar crests, may be required to provide smooth alveolar ridge for denture setting
alveoplasty surgical reshaping of contouring of alveolar bone.
extraction surgical removal of teeth
coping coverings
reduction reducing or lessening in size
chamfer preparation for crown placement
shoulder preparation to provide junction of the crown and tooth.
bevel tooth preparation for seating and holding a crown.
core buildup use of synthetic material to enlarge tooth core area to provide support for an artificial crown and to protect the pulpal tissues.
post placement addition of a metal retention post to teeth that have had pulp removal and root canal enlargement, to aid in stability and strength
undercut removal of tooth structure near the gingival edge to provide a seat or placement for the extending edge of the appliance
retraction cord chemically treated cord placed in the gingival sulcus to obtain chemical or physical shrinking of the gingiva.
impregnated saturated
bite registration impression of the teeth while in occlusion.
work order written directions from the dentist to the laboratory completing the case, the impressions, bite registration and order are sent together.
temporary or provisional coverage temporary protection for the prepared tooth while laboratory work is being completed.
seating placement and fitting of appliance for try-in and final cementation.
condylar inclination pertaining to the condyle
centric occuring when the condyle rest in the temporal bone during biting, resting, and mouth movements.
protrusion projecting or thrust forward
retrusion forcing backward
lateral excursion measurement with side to side movement of the mandible.
implant insertion of object
osseointegration bone bonding.
Created by: 100003007791541