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Protein Synthesis

QuestionAnswer
What does DNA stand for? deoxyribonucleic acid
What do we call the process for 'writing' the DNA code to mRNA? Transcription
What are the 3 parts to the RNA nucleotide? ribose sugar, phosphates, & C-G-A-uracil
What are the 3 parts of DNA Nucleotide? deoxyribose sugar, phosphates, & C-G-A-thymine
DNA is double-stranded while RNA is what? single-stranded
Every 3 nitrogen bases on DNA and mRNA are known as a what? codon
All amino acids are coded by 1 or more what? codons
The code on DNA is universal meaning that the amino acids and their codons are the same for what? all living organisms
What would the codon AGC be when transcribed to mRNA? UCG
What is the job of mRNA? to carry the DNA code to the ribosome.
Where does transcription occur? in the nucleus
What is the job of rRNA? to read the mRNA codons at the ribosome one codon at a time
What is the job of the tRNA? to match its anticodon with the proper codon on the mRNA at the ribosome & bring in the correct amino acid
What is the process called where the mRNA code is used to make a chain of amino acids at the ribosome? Translation
Where does Translation happen? at the ribosome
How is the correct amino acid brought to the correct codon on the mRNA at the ribosome? the tRNA with the correct anticodon will bring the correct amino acid
The string of amino acids built by tRNA are held together by what? peptide bonds
The string of amino acids built by translation eventually become what? a protein
What is a mutation? a change in the DNA nitrogen base sequence
Where is the code for proteins in the DNA molecule? in the order of nitrogen bases
What is a mutagen? a mutation causing agent
What kind of mutation results from the change in one nitrogen base in the DNA sequence? point mutation
What kind of mutation results from the loss or gain of one nitrogen base in the DNA sequence? frameshift mutation
Created by: 100001916589047