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Biology Final Miller

QuestionAnswer
Who developed the theory of evolution? Charles Darwin
Where did Darwin travel that influenced his thinking? What was the name of his book?
Darwin believed that organisms change over time through a process called ____?
Explain the process you named in #3.
Name and describe four types of evidence used to support the theory of evolution.
An anatomical structure that serves no known purpose but may have functioned in an ancestor is a _____ structure.
What is the difference between a homologous and analogous structure? Which one is evidence of divergent evolution?
When two organisms evolve in response to changes in each other, it is known as ____ evolution.
What is meant by speciation
How does geographic isolation lead to speciation?
The movement of genes from one population to another is known as ____ and can contribute to evolution.
Name three conditions that can cause evolution (besides natural selection)
who developed the classification system in use today?
Name the classification groups from largest to smallest.
What does the scientific name of an organism consist of?
What is the proper way to write the scientific name of an organism?
Why is a classification system needed?
Organisms are grouped according to___?
Name the six kingdoms and give 3 characteristics for each kingdom.
What two kingdoms were once combined into a kingdom known as Monera?
What is the function of the cuticle in plants?
Name the two major groups of plants.
What group do mosses belong in? What is the phylum name?
Why are mosses small and found in damp places?
Vascular plants are divided into what two groups?
Give the phylum name and common name of a representative in the non-seed group.
Vascular plants that make seeds fall into two groups. Name them.
Which vascular plant group covers their seeds in a fruit and which does not?
Give the phylum name and common name of a representative of gymnosperms and angiosperms.
All plants go through a two generation reproduction known as ____.
Which generation is haploid? Diploid?
In moss, what is the dominant generation?
During the life cycle of moss, the gametophyte produces a female structure known as ____ which makes eggs. The male structure is known as the ____.
How do the eggs and sperm of moss unite? The fertilized egg then grows into a ____.
The sporophyte stage of a moss releases ____ that grow into new____.
The ____ stage is dominant in ferns.
The spre producing structures on the back of the fern fronds are known as _____. When the spores are released ther will grow and develop into ____.
What is the male structure that produces sperm in a gymnosperm and angiosperm called? Female?
Most conebearing plants are in the ___ group. The phylum name is ____.
Flowering plants are in the ____ group. The phylum name is ___. Name two classes.
Give the characteristics of monocots and dicots.
Draw and label a flower diagram. Draw squares around the name of males parts and circles around the names of the female parts. Briefly describe the function of each part.
What conditions are necessary for seeds to germinate?
What is the function of the xylem and phloem? What type of tissue are they?
What is the function of meristem tissue?
Give the main function of roots, stems, and leaves.
What is the function of root hairs?
What are stomata and what do they do? Where are they found? What controls them?
What is transpiration?
It is thought that animals evolved from ____.
Give the characteristics shared by all animals.
Name the two groups of animals.
Which group is the largest?
Give the characteristics of each group.
Which phylum contains the most types and numbers of organisms?
All animals reproduce sexually and some can also produce _____. When egg and sperm unite, a _____ is formed. Name the two stages of life development.
Name the 3 germ layers formed during gastrulation and tell what they give rise to.
Name and briefly describe the three types of body cavities.
What is the difference between indirect and direct development?
Draw a fish. Label the anterior and posterior ends. Label the dorsal and ventral surfaces.
What is the difference between bilateral and radial symmetry?
What is the difference between an open and closed circulatory system?
How does the animal adaptation mimicry help animals survive?
How does the animal adaptation camouflage help animals survive?
How does the animal adaptation warning coloration help animals survive?
How does the animal adaptation hibernation help animals survive?
How does the animal adaptation migration help animals survive?
A food chain is used to show ____. A food web shows ____.
What happens to the amount of energy as it is passed from one level to the next?
What is a population, community, ecosystem?
What is a producer? Consumer?
What is an autotroph? A heterotroph?
Name 3 types of consumers and briefly describe each.
What is the main contribution of a decomposer?
What is the difference between density dependent and density independent limiting factors?
Name and briefly describe 3 ways humans influence the populations of other organisms.
What is succession?
What process adds carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, which process removes it? Oxygen?
What is nitrification? Dentrification? Ammonification?
Why aren't viruses considered to be living things?
What is meant by obligate intracellular parasite?
Describe the structure of a virus.
What is bacteriophage?
The ____ of the virus determines what kind of cell it can infect.
List the steps of the lytic cycle of a virus and briefly describe what happens at each stage.
What is a retrovirus?
How does a retrovirus differ from other viruses?
Bacteria are classified according to___.
What are the three shapes of bacteria?
Bacteria can exchange genetic information through a process called ____? They can reproduce asexually by a process known as ____.
What is a plasmid?
How can bacteria be helpful?
Why is the protist kingdom sometimes referred to as the "cath all" kingdom?
What group of protists most resemble plants and how are they grouped?
How do amoebas move?
What is the main contribution of fungi to the environment?
How do fungi feed?
What is different about the cell wall of a plant and of a fungus?
Created by: LW0042