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Unit 17

CPR/First Aid

First aid is not full and complete treatment.
Always check the scene and make sure it is safe to approach an accident victim.
Never move an injured victim unless the victim is in a dangerous area.
Never make a diagnosis or discuss the victim’s condition with observers at the scene.
Before starting chest compressions. feel for a pulse for at least 5 seconds but no more than 10 seconds
give five back blows followed by five chest thrusts if an infant has an obstructed airway,
The pressure point to stop bleeding in the arm is the brachial artery.
A poison can be Any substance that causes a harmful reaction when applied or ingested.
If chemicals splash on the skin and cause burns, use large amounts of water to wash the skin and dilute the chemicals.
Treat a dislocation the same way as a fracture
A sprain is an injury to the tissues surrounding a joint.
Cold applications are used initially to decrease swelling for both sprains and strains.
An airtight dressing such as aluminum foil, plastic wrap, or nonporous material should be placed over a sucking chest wound.
If abdominal organs are protruding from a wound what should you do? use a large sterile dressing moistened with sterile water or normal saline to cover the area.
Signs and symptoms of a heart attack vary depending on the amount of heart damage. the amount of heart damage.
A cerebrovascular accident can be caused by the presence of a clot in a cerebral artery or hemorrhage from a blood vessel in the brain. the presence of a clot in a cerebral artery or hemorrhage from a blood vessel in the brain.
Even though a victim is unconscious, he or she may be able to hear and understand what is going on.
Fainting can be a sign of a serious illness or condition that requires medical attention.
If a diabetic is unconscious and you are not able to determine whether the condition is diabetic coma or insulin shock, what should you do? put granulated sugar under the victim’s tongue.
What should you do for a victim of cardiac arrest caused by a drug overdose. start CPR and shout for help
Emotional distress such as anger, fear, or grief can cause Shock
The rule of nines is used to calculate the percentage of body surface burned.
Immediate medical care during the first three hours after a cerebrovascular accident can help prevent brain damage.
The first step of first aid is to ____. recognize that an emergency exists
What is the ratio of chest compressions to ventilations when one person is performing CPR on an adult victim? 30:2
If you are caring for a critical adult accident victim and determine that the victim is unconscious, ____. call EMS immediately
How far should a child’s chest be compressed during cardiac compressions? at least 1/3 the depth of the chest
A wound caused by a sharp object such as a knife, scissors, or a razor is a/an ____. incision
Tetanus is most likely to occur with a/an ____. puncture
Rapid, shallow respirations, rapid weak pulse, and diaphoresis are signs of signs and symptoms of shock
If a poison has been swallowed, the first step of care is to ____. call a poison control center
If a victim has contact with a poisonous plant, ____. wash the area with soap and water
The type of burn characterized by a red or mottled color, a wet appearance, and a blister or vesicle is a ____. partial-thickness burn (or second-degree burn)
To treat clear or blood-tinged fluid draining from the ear after a skull or brain injury, ____. allow the fluid to flow from the ear
Do not put a blunt object between the victim’s teeth to keep the victim from biting his or her tongue is treatment for convulsion
Sweet or fruity odor to the breath symptom of diabetic coma
The most common bandage wrap for a sprained ankle or wrist is the ____. figure-eight wrap
Call first for EMS before starting CPR for ____. an unconscious adult
The type of shock that occurs when poisons or toxins in the blood cause vasodilation and the blood pressure drops is ____. septic
What is the ratio of chest compressions to ventilations when two people are performing CPR on an adult victim? 30:2
The type of shock that occurs when vomiting or diarrhea causes dehydration and a disruption in the normal acid-base balance of the body is ____. metabolic
Condition that can occur with any illness or injury Shock
Medical emergency caused by prolonged exposure to heat Heat stroke
Tearing of tissues to create a wound with jagged, irregular edges Laceration
Excessive loss of blood Hemorrhage
Overstretching of a muscle Strain
Excessive or profuse perspiration Diaphoresis
Sterile covering placed over a wound Dressing
A scraping type of wound prone to infection Abrasion
Freezing of tissue fluids accompanied by damage to the skin Frostbite
Low body temperature due to prolonged exposure to cold Hypothermia
Muscle spasm caused by exposure to heat Heat cramp
Wound created by a sharp object such as a pin or nail Puncture
Body part is cut off and separated from the body Amputation
Violent involuntary contraction of muscles Convulsion
Material used to secure splints or support body parts Bandage
Difficult or labored respirations Dyspnea
Torn tissue hanging from the ear, nose, hand, or other body part Avulsion
Injury to the tissues surrounding a joint Sprain
situation, actions taken, exact location, telephone number you are calling from, assistance required, number of people involved, condition of the victim types of information you should provide to emergency medical services when you call.
information from the victim, information from other persons present, examination of items at the scene, emergency medical identification bracelet or necklace, medical cards, Vial-of-Life, empty medicine containers, bottles of chemicals or solutions sources of information you can use to learn about the accident, injury, or illness.
occurs when the heart stops beating and victim stops breathing clinical death
What do the letters of the CABD sequence of CPR stand for circulation, airway, breathing, and defibrillation
victim starts to breathe; help arrives ; a legally qualified person orders you to discontinue ; rescuer is exhausted; scene becomes unsafe; you are given a legally valid do not resuscitate (DNR) order reasons for stopping CPR once it has been started.
direct pressure, elevation, pressure bandage, pressure points steps to control severe bleeding in the correct order of their use.
skin color; skin temperature; swelling or edema; amount of pain; tingling or numbness; poor return after blanching nails; pulse can be felt below splint or bandage points that should be checked frequently to make sure circulation is not impaired after a splint or bandage has been applied.
method of prioritizing treatment What is triage?
occurs four to six minutes after clinical death and refers to the death of body cells. biological death
Treatment for convulsions remove dangerous objects from area, avoid using force to restrain or stop muscle movements, and put a pillow or cushion under the victim's head
Call first for EMS before starting CPR for an unconscious adult or child who has reached puberty
The goal of CPR is to begin compressions within 10 seconds of recognizing cardiac arrest.
The adult defibrillator dose and adult electrodes should be used for any child older than 8 years
Created by: votec