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Trauma Test

3 phases of trauma. Preincident, incident, postincident
Kinematics process of predicting injury patterns
Blunt Trauma Injuries caused by compression and change of speed. (usually deceleration)
Down and under injuries Knee dislocation, patella fx, femur fx, acetabulum fx, vascual injury/hemorrhage
Up and over injuries rib fx, ruptured diaphragm, hemopneumothorax, pulmonary contusion, aortic rupture
Where aorta usually is sheared during deceleration. ligamentum arteriosum
Adult pedestrian vs. car injuries femur fx, pelvic fx, thorax fx, spinal fx; intraabdominal or intrathoracic injury
Child pedestrian vs. car injuries abdominopelvic and thoracic trauma, facial trauma, head and neck injury
Primary blast injury sudden change in environmental pressure
Secondary blas injury flying debris
tertiary blast injury victims propelled through the air
Falls are a result of.. deceleration and compression
Penetrating trauma Tissue disruption. 2 forces-crushing & stretching
Permanent cavities are produced when? When the force of the projectile exceeds tensile strength of the tissue.
Hemostasis cessation of bleeding
Cardiac Output= Heart Rate x Stroke Volume
What acid/base imbalance occurs in the body during shock? Metabolic Acidosis due to anaerobic metabolism forming lactic acid in the body.
As acidosis increases, red blood cells cluster together halting perfusion in vital organ capillaries Rouleaux formation
Shock is assumed to be _________ until proven otherwise. Hypovolemic
3 stages of shock
Created by: tejkowskit