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Personality Disorders

Schizoid Personality Disorder pattern of detachment from social relationships and a restricted range of emotional expression.
Schizotypal Personality Disorder pattern of acute discomfort in close relationships, cognitive or perceptual distortions, and eccentricities of behavior.
Antisocial Personality Disorder pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others.
Borderline Personality Disorder pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity.
Histrionic Personality Disorder pattern of excessive emotionality and attention seeking
Paranoid Personality Disorder pattern of distrust and suspiciousness such that others' motives are interpreted as malevolent
Avoidant Personality Disorder pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation.
Dependent Personality Disorder pattern of submissive and clinging behavior related to an excessive need to be taken care of.
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and control.
General Criteria, Personality Disorder enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior, deviates from cultural norms, in at least 2 areas including cognition, affectivity, interpersonal functioning, and impulse control
Suspects, without sufficient basis, that others are exploiting, harming, or deceiving him or her Paranoid
Is preoccupied with unjustified doubts about the loyalty or trustworthiness of friends or associates Paranoid
Is reluctant to confide in others because of unwarranted fear that the information will be used maliciously against him or her Paranoid
Reads hidden demeaning or threatening meanings into benign remarks or events Paranoid
persistently bears grudges, i.e., is unforgiving of insults, injuries, or slights Paranoid
perceives attacks on his or her character or reputation that are not apparent to others and is quick to react angrily or to counterattack Paranoid
Has recurrent suspicions, without justification, regarding fidelity of spouse or sexual partner Paranoid
Neither desires nor enjoys close relationships, including being part of a family Schizoid
Almost always chooses solitary activities Schizoid
Has little, if any, interest in having sexual experiences with another person Schizoid
takes pleasure in few, if any, activities Schizoid
Lacks close friends or confidants other than first-degree relatives Schizoid
Appears indifferent to the praise or criticism of others Schizoid
Shows emotional coldness, detachment, or flattened affectivity Schizoid
Ideas of reference (exlcuding delusions of reference) Schizotypal
Odd beliefs or magical thinking that influences behavior and is inconsistent with subcultural norms (e.g., superstitiousness, belief in clairvoyance, telepathy, or sixth sense; in children bizarre fantasies and preoccupations Schizotypal
Unusual perceptual experiences, including bodily illusions Schizotypal
Odd thinking and speech (vague, circumstantial, metaphorical, overelaborate, stereotyped) Schizotypal
Suspiciousness or paranoid ideation Schizotypal
Inappropriate or constricted affect Schizotypal
Behavior or appearance that is odd, eccentric, or peculiar Schizotypal
Lack of close friends or confidants other than first-degree relatives Schizotypal
Excessive social anxiety that does not diminish with familiarity and tends to be associated with paranoid fears rather than negative judgments about self Schizotypal
Failure to conform to social norms with respect to lawful behaviors as indicated by repeatedly performing acts that are grounds for arrest Antisocial
Deceitfulness, as indicated by repeated lying, use of aliases, or conning others for personal profit or pleasure Antisocial
Impulsivity or failure to plan ahead Antisocial
Irritability and aggressiveness, as indicated by repeated physical fights or assaults Antisocial
Reckless disregard for safety of self or others Antisocial
Consistent irresponsibility, as indicated by repeated failure to sustain consistent work behavior or honor financial obligations Antisocial
Lack of remorse, as indicated by being indifferent to or rationalizing having hurt, mistreated, or stolen from another Antisocial
The individual must be at least 18 years of age and have evidence of conduct disorder with onset before the age of 15 Antisocial
Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment (not including suicidal or self-harm behavior) Borderline
A pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation Borderline
Identity disturbance: markedly and persistently unstable self-image or sense of self Borderline
Impulsivity in at least two areas that are potentially self-damaging (spending, sex, substance abuse, reckless driving, binge eating) (Do not include suicidal or self-harm behavior) Borderline
Recurrent suicidal behavior, gustures, or threats, or self-mutilating behavior Borderline
Affective instability due to a marked reactivity of mood (intense episodic dysphoria, irritability, or anxiety usually lasting a few hours and only rarely more than a few days) Borderline
Chronic feelings of emptiness Borderline
Inappropirate, intense anger or difficulty controlling anger (frequent displays of temper, constant anger, recurrent physical fights) Borderline
Transient, stress-related paranoid ideation or severe dissociative symptoms Borderline
Is uncomfortable in situations in which he or she is not the center of attention Histrionic
Interaction with others is often characterized by inappropriate sexually seductive or provocative behavior Histrionic
Displays rapidly shifting and shallow expression of emotions Histrionic
Consistently uses physical appearance to draw attention to self Histrionic
Has a style of speech that is excessively impressionistic and lacking in detail Histrionic
Shows self-dramatization, theatricality, and exaggerated expression of emotion Histrionic
Is suggestible, easily influenced by others or circumstances Histrionic
Considers relationships to be more intimate than they actually are Histrionic
Narcissistic Personality Disorder pattern of grandiosity (in fantasy or behavior), need for admiration, and lack of empathy
Has a grandiose sense of self-importance (exaggerates achievements and talents, expects to be recognized as superior without commensurate achievements) Narcissistic
Is preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty or ideal love Narcissistic
Believes that he or she is special and unique and can only be understood by, or should associate with, other special or high-status people (or institutions) Narcissistic
Requires excessive admiration Narcissistic
Has a sense of entitlement, unreasonable expectations of especially favorable treatment of automatic compliance with his or her expectations Narcissistic
Is interpersonally exploitative, takes advantage of others to achieve his or her own ends Narcissistic
Lacks empathy: is unwilling to recongize or identify with the feelings and needs of others Narcissistic
Is often envious of others or believes that others are envious of him or her Narcissistic
Shows arrogant, haughty behaviors or attitudes Narcissistic
Avoids occupational activities that involve significant interpersonal contact, because of fears of criticism, disapproval, or rejection Avoidant
Is unwilling to get involved with people unless certain of being liked Avoidant
Shows restraint within intimate relationships because of the fear of being shamed or ridiculed Avoidant
Is preoccupied with being criticized or rejected in social situations Avoidant
Is inhibited in new interpersonal situations because of feelings of inadequacy Avoidant
Views self as socially inept, personally unappealing, or inferior to others Avoidant
Is unusually reluctant to take personal risks or to engage in any new activities because they may prove embarrassing Avoidant
Has difficulty making everyday decisions without an excessive amount of advice and reassurance from others Dependent
Needs others to assume responsibility for most major areas of his or her life Dependent
Has difficulty expressing disagreement with others because of fear of loss of support or approval. Do not include realistic fears of retribution Dependent
Has difficulty initiating projects or doing things on his or her own (because of a lack of self-confidence in judgment or abilities rather than a lack of motivation or energy) Dependent
Goes to excessive lengths to obtain nurturance and support from others, to the point of volunteering to do things that are unpleasant Dependent
Feels uncomfortable or helpless when alone because of exaggerated fears of being unable to care for himself or herself Dependent
Urgently seeks another relationship as a source of care and support when a close relationship ends Dependent
Is unrealistically preoccupied with fears of bieng left to take care of himself or herself Dependent
Is preoccupied with details, rules, lists, orer, organization, or schedules to the extent that the major point of the activity is lost Obsessive-Compulsive
Shows perfectionism that interferes with task completion (is unable to complete a project because his or her own overly strict standards are not met) Obsessive-Compulsive
Is excessively devoted to work and productivity to the exclusion of leisure activities and friendships (not accounted for by obvious economic necessity) Obsessive-Compulsive
Is overconscientious, scrupulous, and inflexible about matters of morality, ethics, or values (not accounted for by cultural or religious identification) Obsessive-Compulsive
Is unable to discard worn-out or worthless objects even when they have no sentimental value Obsessive-Compulsive
Is reluctant to delegate tasks or to work with others unless they submit to exactly his or her way of doing things Obsessive-Compulsive
Adopts a miserly spending style toward both self and others; money is viewed as something to be hoarded for future catastrophes Obsessive-Compulsive
Shows rigidity and stubbornness Obsessive-Compulsive
Created by: turnfam3
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