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Chapter 19 Disease

The links in the chain of infection are: virulence, number of microorganisms, susceptible host, and _____. portal of entry
The strength of an organism in its ability to produce disease is _____. virulence
An infection that is short in duration is a(n) _____. acute infection
Transmission of a disease to a susceptible person through the handling of contaminated instruments or by touching contaminated surfaces is a form of _____. indirect transmission
It is _____ that allows the body to resist disease and prevent foreign bodies from causing infection. immunity
When immunity is present at birth, it is called _____ immunity. inherited
Transmission of a disease, from the dental office to the family of a member of the dental team, is an example of _____ disease transmission in the dental office. dental office-to-community
The most common route of disease transmission in the dental office is through _____. direct contact with the patient’s blood or saliva
issues specific recommendations on health-related matters, based on sound scientific evidence CDC
The regulatory agency whose role it is to issue specific standards to protect the health of employees in the United States is _____. OSHA.
The Guidelines for Infection Control in Dental Health-Care Settings—2003, which is now the standard of care, was recommended by what agency? CDC
The written exposure control plan that describes how the dental office complies with the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard must be reviewed and updated _____. annually
The CDC term “Standard Precautions” applies to contact with _____. all body fluids, blood, saliva, secretions, and excretions
After administration of the HBV vaccine, the CDC recommends _____. a blood test to make sure that the individual has developed immunity
Handwashing guidelines recommend that you _____. wash your hands before you put on gloves and immediately after you remove gloves
Which of the following is considered personal protective equipment that the employer should provide free of charge to the employee? disposable patient treatment gloves
The Bloodborne Pathogens Standard states that contaminated protective clothing _____. can be laundered in the dental office or can be picked up by a laundry service
The BBP Standard requires use of protective eyewear _____. with front and side protection (solid side shields)
Exam gloves used during dental treatment can be made of _____. latex or vinyl
The most serious type of latex allergy, one that can even result in death, is called ___ type I allergic reaction
CDC guidelines and the OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Standard consider saliva to be a potentially infectious body fluid
Infectious waste is _____. contaminated waste that is capable of transmitting an infectious disease
Created by: tammy.ryan