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Speech Path II

Speech Path II Exam 1

QuestionAnswer
What is the Pheriphal Nervous System It connects the Brain and Spinal Cord with the structures that aer away from the brain
Where are the Cranial Nerves Brain Stem
What does the Autonomic System Do It controls the involunatry functions of the body
The Spinal Cord is? The main structure which the brain keeps in touch with the rest of the body
Where is the Cerebellum located? The base of the brain
The Cerebral Cortex is? The outer layer of the brain which includes both hemispheres ans is responcible for higher functioning
Name the 4 Lobes of the brain Frontal, Temporal, Opcipital, Peridal
Aphasia is The absence of languae in someone who lost them
Stroke Ceraberal Vascular Accident - Blood carrining oxeygen is stopped from reaching the brain
Expressive Aphasia Loss of language in verbal OUTPUT
Receptive Language Loss of vanguage in verbal INPUT
Transit Inscemic Attacts (TIA) Mini Strokes
Ascemic Stroke is when there is a vascular/blood supply problem and flow is interupted with onclusive results/ tissue dies
Thrombosis is when A collection of blood materials get stuck in cells and stops blold flow, remains in the sight it is formed and forms a clot
Atherosclerosis is when there is a hardening of arteries
Embelisim is when blood clot moves from sight it formed and attacks another place
Hemorragic Stroke is a rupturred Cerabral Vassal which causes bleeding
Intra-Cerebral Hemmorage is a rupture within brain or brain stem
Extra-Cerebral Hemmorage A rupture in the outer layers of the brain or base of the brain
Hemiparesis one sided weakness - can still function
Hemiplegia Full paralicis on one side of body
Hemisensory Impairment perceptive sensory infor is lost
Hemianopsia blindness in one half of visual field ex: cant see down
Alexia person is unable to recognize common words
Agraphia difficulty writing
Dysphagia difficulty swallowing
How many stroke patients will have seizures 20%
Agnosia diffuculty understanding sensory info ex: not knowing
Anomia difficulty naming and word finding
Agrammatism telegraphic speech with no gramatical elements; elimination of plurals, ing, past tense
Neologisms a novel word that does not exist but used confidently
Jargon The usage of meaningless or irrelevant speech within a typical conversation
Verbal Paraphasia A word subistituted for an intended word that us related ex sock instesd of shoe
Neologistic Paraphasia A made up word used for intended word usually never related
Phonemic Paraphasia a phonemic soude id used for intended phoneme ex; /s/ for /f/
Verbal Stereotype A verbal expression repeted over and over again that can be real , obscene, made up
What is Perseveration when a person is caught in a mental set or behavior pattern
Echolalia is when The patient automatically repeats the last word or words spoken by somebody else
Emotional Lability Exaggerated emotions
When dose Emotional Lability usually occur in bilatteral lisations
Broccas Aphasia damage occurs in anterior frontal lobe in left hemisphere
Transcrotical Motor Aphasia damage occurs in motor cortex
Global/MIxed Aphasia damage occurs in Large areas in deep subcortical areas and sylvian region to both hemispheres
Fluent Aphasia damage occurs in Posterior portions of left hemisphere
Examples of Broccas Aphasia is Short setences, Trouble immatating, slow labored speech, anomia, they get frustrated easily cuz they know something is wrong
Examples of Transcorticl Motor Aphasia Naming difficulty, agramitical speech,
Examples of Global.Mixed Aohasia Comprehension problems, labored speech, few words, sterotypes, no immitation, word finding difficulties
Examples in Fluent Aphasia Neologisims, verbose verbal output
Wxamples of Non-Fluent Aphasias Slow labored Speech, sturggle to retireve words, struggle to form setences
NOn-Fluent Aphasa Damage is in frontal lobe
Wernickes Aphasia Damags is in Posterior portion,
Examples of Wernikes Aphasia Receptive language problems, little self monertering, no turn taking, makes little sence in cinverstaion, talk rapadily, has gramatical sence not concerned with problem
Anomia examples word retreval , real well , memory difficulties
Conduction Aphasia damage in Arcuate fasciculus
Examples of Conduction Aphasia quick paraphrases, sounds addes to words, attempt to self correct, cuse are neot helpful
Transcortical Snsory Aphasia damage in posterior portion if Sylban fussure or latteral sulcus
Examples of Transcrotical Sensory Aphasia verbal paraphrases, fluent, echolalic possible
diagnostic access strength and weakness of patient
Formal screening breif assessment that samples a few things
Aphonia means? Lack of voice ex: whisper
Localizationist link a specific function to a specific anatomic structure with in the brain
Cognition is the complex of intellectual functions, including knowelege , memory, and processing
propositional speech is meaningful speech given to approperate situations and produced when demanded
Olfactory sense of smell(Sensory) - cranial nerve 1
Optic Vision (sensory)cranial nerve 2
Oculomotor Eye movement(motor) Cranial nerve 3
Trochlear Eye Movement(motor) cranial nerve 4
Trigeminal Face(sensory); jaw(motor) Cranial nerve 5
Abducens Eye movement(motor) cranial nerve 6
Facial Tounge(sensory); Face(motor) cranial nerve 7
Vestibular acoustic hearing and balance (sensory) cranial nerve 8
Glossopharyngeal Tounge and Pharynx (Sensory); Pharynx (motor) Cranial nerve 9
Vagus Larynx, respiratory, cardiac, and gastrointestinal systems(sensory and motor) Cranial nerve 10
Accessory Shoulder, arm, and throat movements (motor) cranial nerve 11
Hypoglossal mostly tounge movements( motor) Cranial nerve 12
spinal nerves are located where from spinal cord
autonomic nervous system internal enviroment of the body
Medulla is the upward extencion of the spinal cord as it passes through the foramen at the base of the skull
pons are concerned with hearing and balance
Midbrain is controls eyemovements, postural reflexes, snd coordination of visual and auditory reflexes
What is the Lateral cerebral fissure a deep fissure in lower frontal lobe that moves laterally and upward
Whats another name for the Lateral cerebral fissure sylvian fissure
Primary motor cortex controls volunatry movements of skeletal muscles on the oposite side of the body in the Frontal lobe
Primary auditory cortex concerned with hearing
Aphonia means? Lack of voice ex: whisper
Localizationist link a specific function to a specific anatomic structure with in the brain
Cognition is the complex of intellectual functions, including knowelege , memory, and processing
propositional speech is meaningful speech given to approperate situations and produced when demanded
Olfactory sense of smell(Sensory) - cranial nerve 1
Optic Vision (sensory)cranial nerve 2
Oculomotor Eye movement(motor) Cranial nerve 3
Trochlear Eye Movement(motor) cranial nerve 4
Trigeminal Face(sensory); jaw(motor) Cranial nerve 5
Abducens Eye movement(motor) cranial nerve 6
Facial Tounge(sensory); Face(motor) cranial nerve 7
Vestibular acoustic hearing and balance (sensory) cranial nerve 8
Glossopharyngeal Tounge and Pharynx (Sensory); Pharynx (motor) Cranial nerve 9
Vagus Larynx, respiratory, cardiac, and gastrointestinal systems(sensory and motor) Cranial nerve 10
Accessory Shoulder, arm, and throat movements (motor) cranial nerve 11
Hypoglossal mostly tounge movements( motor) Cranial nerve 12
spinal nerves are located where from spinal cord
autonomic nervous system internal enviroment of the body
Medulla is the upward extencion of the spinal cord as it passes through the foramen at the base of the skull
pons are concerned with hearing and balance
Midbrain is controls eyemovements, postural reflexes, snd coordination of visual and auditory reflexes
What is the Lateral cerebral fissure a deep fissure in lower frontal lobe that moves laterally and upward
Whats another name for the Lateral cerebral fissure sylvian fissure
Primary motor cortex controls volunatry movements of skeletal muscles on the oposite side of the body in the Frontal lobe
Primary auditory cortex concerned with hearing
Created by: BLA3171