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Parasite Lab Practic

2-4 study guide micro 205 questions

QuestionAnswer
What is the scientific name for Giant intestinal parasite? Ascaris lumbricoides
What is the scientific name for Guinea worm? Dracunculus medinensis
What is the scientific name for Hookworm? Necator americanus
What is the scientific name for Pinworm? Enterobius vermicularis
What is the scientific name for Tissue Parasite? Trichinella spiralis
Which nematodes migrate to the lung during their life cycle? Ascaris lumbricoides and Necator americanus
Which nematode(s) is/are transmitted by the fecal-oral route? ascaris lumbricoides, enterobius, toxocara
Which nematode(s) is/are transmitted by penetrating through skin? Necator americanus
Which nematode(s) is/are transmitted by ingesting contaminated undercooked pork? Trichinella spiralis
Which nematode can cause severe anemia? Necator americanus
Which nematode can cause pruritis ani? Enterobius vermincularis
Which nematodes are normally parasites of cats and dogs? Toxocara and Dirofilara immitis
Describe the differences between the two classes of flatworms? Taenia saginata has many branches versus Taenia solium has fewer branches
Define dioecious? male and female are separate animals
Define monoecious? both ovaries and testes are in one animal
Define scolex? head of the worm
Define proglottid? body segments of the worm that extend from the head
Define cysticercosis? disease humans get from being infected from Taenia solium
How are the Taenia species differentiated from eachother? Taenia saginata have many branches whereas taenia solium has less branches
State at least 2 reasons why many parasites are NOT found in the US? sanitation, water sanitation facilities, shoes, good diet, wash hands at will
Chinese liver fluke: Name the scientific name, intermediate host(s), definitive host and how humans are infected by? Clonorchis sinensis, snail, humans, eating undercooked freshwater fish
Blood fluke: Name the scientific name, intermediate host(s), definitive host and how humans are infected by? Schistosoma, snail, humans, swimming in infected water
Beef tapeworm: Name the scientific name, intermediate host(s), definitive host and how humans are infected by? Taenia seginata, cow, humans, eating raw or undercooked beef
Pork tapeworm: Name the scientific name, intermediate host(s), definitive host and how humans are infected by? Taenia solium, pig, humans, eating raw or undercooked pork
Name the protozoan for Backpackers diarrhea? Giardia lamblia
Name the protozoan for Dysentery? Entamoeba histolytica
Name the protozoan for Eye infection? Acanthamoeba
Name the protozoan for Meningoencephalitis? Naegleria fowleri
Name the protozoan for Vaginitis? Trichomonas
Describe the two life stages of Protozoa? The “Troph” trophozoites stage is when the organism is capable of locomotion and is responsible for signs and symptoms. The “cyst” stage is a resting, inactive stage that protects the organism because of a thick wall that is produced around the organism
Which infection is of special concern to pregnant woman? Why? Toxoplasma gondii because it can be transmitted from mother to fetus causing deformities in the child
Name two protozoans that survive standard chlorination of drinking water? Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium
Describe two methods used to eliminate protozoans from drinking water? boiling and filtration
Name the scientific name and disease caused by the biological vector Tsetse fly? Trypanosoma brucei, African sleeping sickness
Name the scientific name and disease caused by the biological vector Reduviid bug? Trypanosoma cruzi, Chagas
Name the scientific name and disease caused by the biological vector Sand fly? Leismania, Leishmaniasis(Kala-Azar)
Name the scientific name and disease caused by the biological vector Anopheles mosquito? Plamosdium, Malaria
Created by: Jennawenaas55