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Phonetics Chapter 1

Phonetics Study of speech sounds, articulations, acoustic properties, and perception.
Phoneticians People who study speech sounds
Applied phonetics Practical application of phonetic knowledge
Normative phonetics Established the norms for acceptable speech
Clinical phonetics Phonetic information is used to remediate unintelligble or disordered speech
Linguistic phonetics (Phonology) Analysis of the sounds of language
Transcriptional phonetics SLPs use of IPA; gives speech in any language the ability to be transcribed
SLP needs phonetics for (1) Planning treatment; (2) Wruting reports on unintelligible patients; (3) Eval for language development
Morpheme minimal unit of conceptual meaning
Free morpheme Words that can stand alone; independent root words (e.g. cat or friend)
Bound morpehe Connected to root words; prefixes; suffixes (e.g. "un", "dis", "re", "less")
Phoneme A phone that is a speech sound; basic sound segment that has linguistic function
Minimal pair pairs of words that differ in only one sound (e.g. bat/pat)
Grapheme Alphabet letters used in a language (e.g. c-a-t = 3 graphemes)
Allomorph Variation of morphemes in a language that are phonetically conditioned (e.g. cooked, steamed, and kneaded)
Allophone Phonetic variation of a phoneme (e.g. /t/ in letter is pronounced like a /d/)
Allograph Variant written forms of phonemes (e.g. f or ph for /f/)
Assimilation Coarticulatory influence of one sound over another (e.g. hot potato)
Aspiration Puff of air that accompanies the release of a speech sound: /p/, /t/, /k/
Complimentary distribution Allophone restriction of placement in words
Free variation Variation of phonemes; usually occuse in final position of words, can occur variably as an aspirated or non-aspirated sound
Virgules Symbols used to represent the phonemes of a language: slashes (e.g. /p/)
Brackets Symbols used to represent allophones or phonetic variants of phonemes (e.g. [k])
Diacritic marks Phonetic symbols modified by special marks for phonemes with a large number of allophonic variance
Broad transription Transcription made with little attention to allophonic or phonetic differences. Uses // only.
Narrow transcription Transcription that indicates the non-phonemic details of pronunciation. Uses [] and diacritic marks.
Created by: jayharris22



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