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Ch 54 Endodontics

Endodontics

QuestionAnswer
a localized accumulation of pus in a cavity formed by tissue disintegration abcess
pertaining to a traumatic, pathologic, or physiologic phenomenon or process that has a short and relatively severe course acute
surgical removal of infectious material surrounding the apex of a root apical curettage
surgical removal of the apical portion of the tooth through a surgical opening made in the overlying bone and gingival tissues apicoectomy
pertaining to disease symptoms that persist over a long time, as in periodontal disease chronic
healthy tooth used as a standard to compare questionable teeth of similar size and structure during pulp vitality testing control tooth
to remove or clean out the pulpal canal debridement
a dentist who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the dental pulp and the periradicular tissues endodontist
plastic type of filling material used in endodontics gutta percha
surgical separation of a multirooted tooth through the furcation area hemisection
placement of a medicament over a partially exposed pulp indirect pulp cap
infectious condition in which the pulp is incapable of healing which would then require root canal therapy irreversible pulpitis
not living, as in oral tissue and tooth structure nonvital
process of filling a root canal obturation
technique of examining the soft tissue with the examiner's hands or fingertips palpation
examination technique that involves tapping on the incisal or occlusal surface of a tooth to assess vitality percussion
making a hole, as in breaking through and extending beyond the apex of the root perforation
an endodontist is a general dentist who has continued training for a minimum of 3 years in the clinical skill and research of pulp therapy
the two sources of pulpal nerve damage are physical irritation and trauma
physical irritation to the pulp is most often caused by extensive decay that has moved into the pulp-carrying bateria
what happens when bacteria reach the nerves and blood vessels of a tooth infection will result in abscess
most common signs and symptoms of pulpal damage include: pain when occluding, pain during mastication,sensitivity to hot or cold beverages, noticeable faical swelling
the dentist performs the percussion test by tapping on the incisal or collusal surface of the tooth in question with the end of the mouth mirror handle, which is held parallel to the long axis of the tooth
a thermal stimulus is never placed where on a metallic restoration or the gingival tissue
when performing a termal sensitivity test application of extreme temperatures will result in what abnormal response and possible damage to the tissues
when performing a cold test where is the ice applied to the cervical area of the tooth
what will not respond to cold a necrotic pulp
what is suspected when cold relieves the pain or if cold initiates severe,lingeraing pain irreversible pulpitis
which test is generally the least useful of the vitality tests heat
which films are required for the diagnosis and completion of endodontic treatment initial radiograph,working length film,final instrumentation film, root canal completion film, recall films
what is an apex locator is a supplemental technique that is used to facilitate identification of the apex of the root canal. Its a electronic device that attaches to the root canal file while inside of the root canal.
an inflammatory reaction to bacteria trapped in the periodontal sulcus periodontal abcess
referring to the area of nerves, blood vessels, and tissues that surround the root of a tooth periradicular
an inflammatory reaction to pulpal infection periradicular abcess
a cyst that develops at or near the root of a necrotic tooth periradicular cyst
application of dental material to a cavity preparation with an exposed or nearly exposed dental pulp pulp cap
complete removal of vital pulp from a tooth pulpectomy
inflammation of the dental pulp pulpitis
removal of the coronal portion of a vital pulp from a tooth pulpotomy
small restoration placed at the apex of a root retrograde restoration
form of pulpal inflammation in which the pulp may be salvageable reversible pulpitis
removal of one or more roots without removal of the crown of the tooth root amputation
romoval of the dental pulp and filling of the canal with material root canal therapy
the decrease of living cells within the pulp, causing fibrous tissue to take over the pulpal canal pulp fibrosis
the paddle-shaped end of the ___dental instrument is designed for placement of temporary restorations, and the rod-shaped plugger at the opposite end is ideal for removal of excess gutta perca Glick number 1
what are hand files used for cleaning and shaping of the pulpal canal
each file is color coded according to size
which files provide the advantages of extreme flexibility, good strength, and longer working life though are more expensive Ni -Ti
what has tiny fishhook-like projections along the shaft that are used to remove vital, inflamed hemorrhagic pulp tissue from the canal a broach
which file has a twisted design and is used in initial debridement,and has a stiff feel that is very effective for straight canals K type
which file provides greater cutting efficiency because of its design, can be used for final enlargement of the canal, has spiral edges so that cutting occurs only on the pulling stroke making the dentinal walls smooth and eaiser to fill hedstrom file
which file is similar in design to the k-type file , cutting edges are farther apart and its functions are to remove dentin structure and to smooth and increase the size of the canal reamer file
what is the small,color coded round piece of rubber silicone or plastic that is slid onto hand-operated files to prevent perforation of the apex rubber stops
sterile absorbent pieces of paper rolled into long, narrow points, that are inserted into the canal to absorb the irrigating solution and to dry the canal paper points
medicaments and dental materials used in endodontics include: irrigation solutions, root canal filling materials and root canal sealers
what solutions can be used as irriagation solutions sodium hypochlorite, hydrogen peroxide, and parachlorophenol
what is the ratio of sodium hypochlorite to water when used as an irrigant equal parts
what gauge of needle is used on the irrigation syringe 27
what is gutta percha rubber material taken form the palaquium gutta tree
how can you tell in a radiograph that a patient has had a root canal the root canal space is white ( radiopaque )
what is a mixture of formaldehyde and cresol in a water glycerin base. It is used as a sealer for pulpotomy of deciduous teeth and as an intracanal medicament for permanent teeth during root canal therapy formocresol
what type of isolation is standard of care when doing a root canal use of a dental dam
during access preparation what kind of bur does the dentist use to create an opening in the coronal portion of the tooth round
how is the estimated working length determined by selecting a reference point on the tooth, usually the highest point on the incisal or occlusal surface
Created by: cynthia.fryer