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Ch 14 Periodontal

Periodontal Disease

QuestionAnswer
calcium and phosphate salts in saliva that become mineralized and adhere to tooth surfaces calculus
inflammation of the gingival tissue gingivitis
referring to the periodontium periodontal
inflammatory disease of the supporting tissues of the teeth periodontitis
structures that surround,support,and are attached to the teeth periodontium
procedure in which a dental endoscope is used subgingivally perioscopy
soft deposit on teeth that consists of bacteria and bacterial by products plaque
referring to the area below the gingivae subgingival
referring to the area above the gingiva supragingival
commonly referred to as the gums, this mucosa covers the alveolar process of the jaws and surrounds the necks of the teeth gingivae
tissue at the base of the sulcus where the gingiva attaches to the tooth. epithelial attachment
space between the tooth and the free gingiva sulcus
dense connective fibers that connect the cementum covering the root of the tooth with the alveolar bone of the socket wall periodontal ligaments
covers the root of the tooth. The primary function of the cementum is to anchor the tooth to the bony socket with attachment of the periodontal ligaments cementum
bone that supports the tooth in its position within the jaw. The alveolar socket is the cavity in the bone that surrounds the tooth alveolar bone
what percentage of adults have some form of periodontal disease, and most are unaware of it 75
recent evidence indicates that the presence of chronic inflammatory periodontal disease may significantly affect health conditions such as coronary heart disease,stroke,or preterm birth
individuals with severe periodontal disease have 3 times the risk for what stroke
individuals with severe periodontal disease have 3.6 times the risk for what coronary heart disease
women with severe periodontal disease have ____ times the risk for 7,preterm low birth weight babies
what critical factors are in the risk for periodontal disease type of bacteria, length of time bacteria are left undisturbed on the teeth, and patient response to bacteria
bacteria in dental plaque cause inflammation by producing enzymes and toxins that destroy periodontal tissues and lower host defenses
what in the saliva forms calculus calcium and phosphate salts
what is the commonly used term for calculus tartar
where is supragingival calculus found on the clinical crowns of the teeth above the margin of the gingiva
what does supragingival calculus occur more frequently near the openings of the wharton's ducts ( on the lingual surfaces of the lower anterior teeth)and stensen's ducts ( on the buccal surfaces of the maxillary molars
what color is supragingival calculus yellowish-white that may darken over time
what color is subgingival calculus dark green or black in color
why is subgingival calculus the color it is due to stain that results from subgingival bleeding
subgingival calculus forms where on root surfaces below the gingival margin and can extend into the periodontal pockets
thin film of protein that quikly forms on teeth. It can be removed by coronal polishing with an abrasive agent acquired pellicle
soft mixture of bacteria and salivary proteins, also known as "white material" it is visible without the use of a disclosing agent and is common in individuals with poor oral hygiene materia alba
smoking,diabetes mellitus,poor oral hygiene,osteoporosis, HIV/AIDS,Stress,medications and Local factors common risk factors for periodontal disease
______ have greater loss of attachment, bone loss,periodontal pocket depths,calculus formation, and tooth loss. Smokers
Periodontal treatments are less effective in _______ than non ___________ smokers,smokers
what is associated with depression of the immune system. Studies have shown a link between ____ and periodontal attachment loss. Stress,stress
what are the 2 basic forms of periodontal disease gingivitis and periodontitis
areas of redness and swelling, the gingiva bleeding easily and changes in the gingival contour and loss of tissue adaptation to the teeth all characterize what gingivitis
where is gingivitits found only in the epithelium and in gingival connective tissues
what is not associated with gingivitis tissue recession, loss of connective tissue, or loss of bone
gingivitis can be associated with puberty,pregnancy,use of birth control medication and orthodontic appliances
when the gingiva appears red, bulbous,spongy and hemorrhagic what is associated with these characteristics severe vitamin C deficiency and scurvy
the severity of periodontal disease is determined by assessment of the amount of loss attachment and listed in 3 catagories slight or early, moderate and severe or advanced
what measurement would be recorded form someone with moderate peridontitis 4,5,6,7mm
NUG necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis
Created by: cynthia.fryer