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Ch 13 dental caries

dental caries

QuestionAnswer
what does the term caries mean tooth decay
what is the caries risk test test for cariogenic bacteria
what is cavitation formation of a cavity or hole
what is demineralization loss of minerals from the tooth
what is early childhood caries decay in any primary teeth
what are fermentable carbohydrates simple carbohydrates, such as sucrose,fructose, lactose,and glucose
what is fluoride mineral used in dental products to make teeth more resistant to decay
what are incipient caries tooth decay that is beginning to form or become apparent
what is lactobacilli bacteria that produce lactic acid from carbohydrates
what is mutans streptococci a type of bacteria primarily responsbile for caries
what is a pellicle a thin film coating of salivary materials deposited on tooth surfaces
what is plaque soft deposit on teeth that consists of bacteria and bacterial by-products
what is rampand caries decay that developes rapidly and is widespread throughout the mouth
what does remineralization mean replacement of minerals in the tooth
what is the saliva flow rate test determines flow rate of saliva in milliters per minute
what is xerostomia dryness of the mouth caused by reduction of saliva
what is xylitol ingredient in chewing gum that has an antibacterial effect against decay-causing bacteria
what is the single most common chronic disease in children dental caries ( tooth decay )
what are the two specific bacteria in the mouth that are responsible for caries mutans streptococci and lactobacilli
what bacteria in a patient's mouth indicates that the patient has a high sugar intake lactobacilli
the oral cavity of a newborn does not contain what mutans streptococci
how is the bacteria mutans streptococci transmitted to the infant the mothers saliva
a milligram of wet plaque may contain as many as _______ to _______ MILLION microorganisms 200-500
what is the most highly mineralized tissue in the body and is stronger than bone enamel
what in enamel allows minerals to flow out of the tooth and acids to flow into the tooth water
what mineral in enamel makes it easier for the tooth structure to dissolve carbonated apatite
what 3 factors must be present at the same time for caries to develop a susceptible tooth, a diet rich in fermentable carbohydrates, and specific bacteria
with in ______ after eating or drinking , bacteria begin to produce acids as a by-product of their digesting your food 5 minutes
what 4 general areas of the tooth can carious lesion occur pits and fissures, smooth surface, root surface, and secondary or recurrent
how long can it take for a carious lesion to develop months or years
demineralization occurs when : calcium and phosphate dissolve from hydroxyapatiet crystals in the enamel
when calcium and phosphate are redeposited in previously demineralized areas what process just occured remineralization
carious lesions develop in what two distinct stages incipient caries and cavitation
what 6 ways can you control tooth decay diet,fluorides,remove plaque,increse flow of saliva, antibacterial mouth rinses, and dental sealants
what "color" or what term is used for early carious lesions white spots
what condition is marked by multiple lesions throughout the mouth rampant caries
usually rampant caries occurs after what excessive and frequent intake of sucrose or after xerostomia
what lesions form more quickly because the cementum is softer in this area root surface
what kind of caries start to form in tiny spaces between the tooth and the margins of a restoration secondary ( recurrent ) caries
what is required to detect recurrent caries radiograph
what is another term for early childhood caries baby bottle tooth decay
saliva is like miracle fluid that provides what measures for the teeth physical, chemical, and antibacterial
when a sharp explorer tip is pressed into an area of suspected caries what will it do when it is being removed stick
the extent of caries can be misdiagnosed easily because the caries is often ____ times deeper and more widespread than it appears on radiographs two times
the visual appearance of teeth that could indicate caries is what darkly stained grooves, and gray shadowing underneath enamel
what is an indicator dye used for to show remaining decay in a cavity preparation through color change
what happens when a laser caries detector is used the laser beam passes through a change in the density of the tooth, it gives off a fluorescent light of different wavelengths
when using the laser caries detector , carious tooth structure shows what degrees of fluorescence higher
what limitations does the laser caries detector have can not be used to diagnose interproximal caries, or caries located under detnal sealants or under an amalgam restoration
Created by: cynthia.fryer