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Common Dental Terms

QuestionAnswer
Aitis Without inflammation
Alveolar Bone/Alveolar Process Bone cavity or tunnel that surrounds/supports tooth and associated structures; similar to appearance of sponge
Alveolar Bone Loss (BL) loss of alveolar bone due to periodontal disease
BL incates presence/severity of periodontal disease
Periodontal Therapy preserve alveolar bone/process
Alveolar Mucosa movable soft tissue loosely bound to underlying bone; not present on maxillary hard plate; usually more red than rest of gingival
Analgam metal alloy containing mercury commonly used for dental restorations; "silver-filling"
Anterior teeth situated near front
Apex (apical) pointed end of cone-shaped part (pointy part of ice cream cone would be its apex) terminal end of root tooth
Arch structure of bow-like or curved outline (side view of santa); often used to indicate top or bottom jar
Buccal cheek (where chewing tobacco resides); designates side of tooth that faces cheek
Calculus hard tenacious deposit on teeth and other hard structures in mouth; formed by deposition of calcium and phosphate salts in oral biofilm (bacterial plaque); tartar
Calculus product of biofilm, related to gingibal and periodontal disease; plays much smaller role in oral disease than does biofilm
Cariogenic food or other edibles that promote tooth decay (ex. cake, cookie, pie)
Cemento-enamel Juction (CEJ) outer surface of tooth where root joins to crown; can be observed as line where color changes from enamel to cementum and can usually be felt as a lump with an explorer
Cementum calcified connective tissue that covers outside surface of tooth's root
Clinical Attachment Loss (CAL) Movement of supporting structures of tooth in apical direction usually result of periodontal disease; some of alveolar bone destroyed and junctional epithelium, soft tissue attachment, moves apically
Col Depression in gingival tissue underneath contact area between lingual papilla and facial papilla; volcano-shaped tissue beneath area where two teeth contact one another
Concave rounded and somewhat depressed or hollowed out; like a cave on hollowed out part of hillside
Convex rounded; somewhat elevated surface (hill)
Coronal toward crown of tooth
Dental Caries (Carious Lesion) tooth decay. actually infection that causes continuing destruction of tooth structure (cavities)
Dentition teeth in dental arches - top and bottom
Diastema Open contact between teeth (gap)
Distal away from the middle; often used to describe the side of a particular tooth that is closest to the posterior or back of the mouth
Disto-occlusal (DO) Usually refers to dental caries or a restoration located at the distal and extending on the occlusal surface
Edema Swelling
Erythodont red tooth
Explorer slender, flexible instrument with sharp point used to examine teeth for abnormalities and pathology, and to locate calculus through the use of touch; requires excellent tactile sensitivity
Extraction removal of tooth or root fragment
Exudate fluid of epithelial cells, bacteria, serum, and other products of the inflammatory process; pus
Facial of or toward the face, used to designate the side of tooth that is facing away from the tongue side (buccal and labial)
Furcation concave area between roots of multi-rooted tooth
Gingiva part of the oral masticatory mucosa that surrounds the necks of the teeth and is attached to the teeth and alveolar bone; gums
glycophilia sugar-lover
Iatrogenic defect caused by professional during course of patient treatment; oops
Interdental Papilla
Created by: jablain09