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Study questions for HESI Entrance exam Vocab & Grammer

Sudden abrupt
To voluntarily refrain from something. abstain
A means to obtain entry or a means of approach access
Responsible accountable
To hold fast or stick together adhere
Undesired, possibly harmful adverse
Appearance of observable emotion affect
Occurring every year annual
To place, put on, or spread something apply
Able to be heard audible
Present on two sides bilateral
Hard protective device applied to protect a broken bone cast
Come to an end cease
Off setting or making up for something compensatory
An undesired problem that is the result of some other even complication
Do as directed comply
Rounded inward concave
Brief, to the point concise
Degree of viscosity; how thick or think a fluid is consistency
To draw together or become smaller constrict
Dependent (on) contingent
Shape or outline of a shape contour
To draw together; reduce in size contract
Reason why something is not advisable or why it should not be done contraindication
Expel feces defecate
A deficiency or lack of something deficit
Press downward depress
Downward measurement from a surface depth
Worsening deteriorating
Tool or piece of equipment device
The distance across the center of an object diameter
To enlarge or expand dilate
To make a liquid less concentrated dilute
Distinct; separate discrete
Enlarged or expanded from pressure distended
To lift up or place in a higher position elevate
Produced within the body endogenous
To make worse or more severe exacerbate
More than what is needed or usual excess
Produced outside the body exogenous
To increase in size or amount expand
Contact exposure
Located outside the body external
Resulting in death fatal
Extreme tiredness, exhaustion fatigue
Limp, lacking tone flaccid
Reddened or ruddy appearance flushed
Wide open gaping
Sex of an individual (male or female) gender
Maintenance of body fluid balance hydration
Measures contributing to cleanliness & good health hygiene
Diminished or lacking some usual quality or level impaired
Likely to occur soon impending
Occurrence incidence
Reddened, swollen, warm & tender inflamed
To swallow for digestion ingest
To begin or put into place initiate
So gradual as to not become apparent for a long time insidious
In place, unharmed intact
Located within the body internal
Inserting/entering into a body part invasive
Changing rapidly & often labile
Present, but not active or visible latent
Difficult to arouse lethargic
An indication or sign of a condition manifestation
Substance or ingredient that provides nourishment nutrient
Closed or obstructed occluded
Significantly important & dangerous ominous
Continuous ongoing
Given through or affecting the mouth oral
Obvious, easily observed overt
A characteristic or constant factor parameter
Beginning suddenly or abruptly paroxysmal
Open patent
Producing a strong effect potent
Capable of occurring or likely to occur potential
Preventative measure precaution
Rapid, uncontrolled precipitous
To make more susceptible or more likely to occur predispose
Already present preexisting
First or most significant primary
Of great importance priority
The anticipated or expected course or outcome prognosis
The underlying reason rationale
To occur again recur
To limit restrict
To hold or keep retain
Location site
Condition status
Stringent, exact, complete strict
To take in addition to or to complete supplement
To stop or subdue suppress
Being equal or the same size, shape and relative position symmetric
An indication of a problem symptom
Adverse or negative untoward
To excrete, expel urine urinate
Spoken, using words verbal
Essential vital
Excrete, expel urine void
Amount of space occupied by a fluid volume
What are the 8 parts of speech noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, prepositions, conjunctions and interjections
A word or group of words that names a person, place, thing or idea noun
The general, not particular name of a person place or thing common noun
nurse, hospital, syringe are examples of _____________. common noun
The official name of a person, place or thing; They are capitalized proper noun
Susan, Houtson, St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital are examples of ________. proper nouns
The name of a quality or a general idea. abstract noun
persistence and democracy are examples of _______. abstract nouns
A noun that represents a group of persons, animals or things. collective noun
Family, flock, or furniture are examples of ________. collective nouns
A word that takes the place of a noun, or a group of words acting as a noun. pronoun
The word or group of words to which a pronoun refers antecedent
The students wanted their test papers graded and returned to them in a timely manner. Which word is the antecedent and which is the pronoun? antecedent: students pronoun: their
Referring to a specific person, place, thing or idea by indicating the person speaking, the person or people spoken to, or any other person, place, thing or idea being talked about. personal pronoun
A form of a personal pronoun that shows possession possessive pronoun
A possessive pronoun does not contain an _______. apostrophe
A word, phrase, or clause that modifies a noun (the biology book), or pronoun (He is nice). adjective
What part of speech answers the questions what kind, which one, how many, or how much? adjective
Adjectives usually _______ the noun or noun phrase that they modify. precede
Word or phrase that is used to express an action or state of being. verb
A word, phrase or clause that modifies a verb, adjective or adverb adverb
Word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to some other word in the sentence preposition
A word that joins words, phrases, or clauses conjunction
and, but, or, so, nor, for and yet are examples of ___________. coordinating conjunctions.
Conjunctions that work in pairs to join words or phrases (Neither the pharmacist nor her assistant could read the physician's hand writing) Correlative conjunction
A word or phrase that expresses emotion or exclamation interjection
A group of words that has a subject and predicate clause
A type of clause that expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence. Independent clause
A type of clause that does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone in a sentence. dependent clause
The person or thing that is directly affected by the action of the verb; it answers the question of what or whom after a transitive verb direct object
The person or thing that is indirectly affected by the action of the verb; Always comes between the verb and the direct object. indirect object
Group of 2 or more words that acts as a single part of speech in a sentence. phrase
the part of the sentence that tells what the subject does or what is done to the subject predicate
Expressions or ideas that have lost their originality or impact over time because of excessive use; these should be avoided whenever possible because they are old, tired and overused. cliche
A mild, indirect, or vague term that has been substituted for one that is considered harsh, blunt, or offensive. euphemism
Verb that means to influence or change affect
Noun or verb. As a noun it means result or outcome; as a verb it means to bring about or accomplish effect
Word that shows a relationship involving more than 2 persons or things being considered as a group. among
Word that is used to show a relationship involving 2 persons or things, or to compare one person or thing with an entire group. between
Word used when referring to things in bulk amount
Word used when referring to individual, countable units. number
abbreviation for "that is" i.e.
abbreviation for "for example" e.g.
Progeny offspring
proliferation increase
A deep, ragged tear laceration
Spasm contraction
What is another word for skull? cranium
Wished for desired
The order in which patients are to be treated triage
The thickness of a liquid viscosity
Processing reaction metabolism
Having a fever febrile
Easily burned when in direct sunlight photosensitive
Obaserve and make note of assess
Kidney renal
Under the tongue sublingual
Convulsion spasm
When a circuit is completed, what has been finished? a lap
q.i.d. four times per day
To implement something is to ___________ cause it to happen
Valid applicable
What is the opposite of contract? expand
In "His paroxysmal coughing was a sign of this illness." Paroxysmal means: convulsive
Precipitous abrupt
What word is a synonym for spit? expectorate
Applied directly to the skin transdermal
In: "It is important that the bandage remain intact", the word intact means: whole
Ignorant obtuse
Why does a health care professional have a need for good grammar? Charting must be accurate and concise; Patients and families are encouraged by fluency of the nurse; Good grammar helps the nurse better understand the instructions given.
Audible perceptible
Limits parameters
alleviate reduce
Another name for decomposition lysis
Lateral portion of the hip bone ilium
Tertiary health care might encompass what intervention? return to wellness
After a major heart attack, what is the most important assessment? factors that impair the client's well-being
Tame docile
Ravenous hungry
An unmarried woman spinster
Based on Freud's theory, the "superego" ________. contains rigid rules
Created by: candismurphy