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Restorative material

Chapter 43 restorative materials and esthetic dental materials

QuestionAnswer
To stick to or glue two items together adhere
a mixture of two or more metals that are dissolved with each other when in the liquid state alloy
an alloy, with one of the constituents being mercury amalgam
hardened or set by a chemical reaction of two materials auto-cured
hard, brittle, heat and corrosive resistant material such as clay ceramic
agent that strengthens resin by bonding filler to the resin matrix coupling agent
preserved or finished by a chemical or physical process cured
prepared, preserved, or finished by a chemical or physical process dual - cured
artistically pleasing and beautiful appearance esthetic
inorganic material that adds strength and other characteristics to composite resins filler
causes a physical change through energy and strength force
an electrical current that takes place when two different or dissimilar metals come together galvanic
a soft, hellow, corrosive-resistant metal that is used in the making of indirect restorations gold
not straight, uniform, or symmetric irregular
the ability of a material to withstand permanent deformation under compressive stress without sustaining permanent damage malleability
foundation that binds a substance together; continuous phases ( organic polymer ) in which particles of filler are dispersed in composite resin matrix
microscopic space located at the interface of the tooth structure and the sealant or restoration microleakage
soft, steel - white, tarnish resistant metal that occurs naturally with platinum palladium
an object that is moved vertically to pound or pulverize a material pestle
silver-white noble metal that does not corrode in air platinum
Hard, white, translucent ceramic material fabriated by firing and then glazing it to match the tooth color. porcelain
to restore or bring back to its natural appearance restorative
the act of holding something by means of an adhesive, or mechanical locking, or both retention
round spherical
distortion or change produced as a result of stress strain
internal reaction or resistance to an externally applied force stress
to mix together, as in the process of mixing an alloy with mercury to form an amalgam trituration
physical property of fluids responsible for resistance to flow viscosity
covering or soaking something with a liquid wetting
The average biting and chewing force in the posterior area of the mouth of people with natural teeth is approximately how many psi on a single cusp of a molar tooth 28,000 psi
When a person drinks hot coffee and then eats ice cream, the temperature in the mouth can change from ____ degrees F to _____ degrees F with in seconds 150-100
Thermal changes in the mough are of major concern for what 2 reasons contraction and expansion & the need to protect the pulp from thermal shock
Amalgam is the technical name for what silver fillings
what is the predominant metal in amalgam silver
what metals is the amalgam alloy powder composed of silver, tin, copper, zinc
what is the tin in amalgam alloy powder used for its workability and strength
what is the zinc in amalgam alloy powder used for to supress oxidation
what is the copper in amalgam alloy powder used for for its strength and corrosion resistance
what does Eames technique mean 1:1 ration of mercury to alloy
who is most at risk for health issues realted to mercury dentist and dental assistant
what are the four steps to the application of dental amalgam preparation, trituration, condensation,carving and finishing
what is the range for amalgamation time 4 - 20 seconds
what does IRM stand for intermediate restorative material
what is an indirect restoration one that is fabricated outside of the mouth
what does PFM stand for porcelain fused to metal
what does PBM stand for porcelain bonded to metal
what does C/M stand for ceramco-metal
what does P/M stand for porcelain -metal
Created by: cynthia.fryer