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Language Aquisition

Ling 130 - Final Exam Review Part 3

Did Victor respond well to Itard's methods of teaching language? How did Itard test Victor's ability to go beyond memorization -- that is, to use language (more or less) "creatively" Victor began to pick up words and string them together in new unorthodox patterns. He did go beyond memorization but with only very basic grammar.
Describe Genie's apparent linguistic abilities at the time of her "discovery." What explanation is given for the state of her language? She barely spoke or made any noises. She was silent most of the time.
During the project, what was Curtiss' view about the likelihood of Genie's acquiring a language and what were the implications for the existence of a Critical Period? They feared that because she was learning lang. after the critical period she mind never be able to speak and tell her story.
Give 2 examples of statements in the tape that Genie produced..? What stage do these represent? "Spot chew glove" and "applesauce buy store" These represent telegraphic stage because meaning is evident but only basics of grammar are present
In what ways did Genie's vocabulary differ from that of a small child? She had vocabulary far more advanced than children at those stages having a multitude of words for emotions and colors
What proposal had Eric Lenneberg made regarding the capacity for language acquisition? Critical Period Hypothesis: children must acquire their first language by puberty or they will never be able to learn from subsequent exposure
What is the forbidden experiment? To see human nature stripped of society and culture ( in confinement) and to see if he/she could learn a language. This is a situation no one would set out to create on purpose.
How do children learn language? Children learn language through imitation , reinforcement, and structure imput in conjunction with one another. These all serve as avenues to supplement the Universal Grammmar they are born with.
What is Aphasia? language disorder that affects a person's ability to produce and understand language
Differences betw. Brocas and Wernickes aphasia? Wernickes affects the back of the left hemisphere affecting ability to make sense: long strings of jargon that sound like sentences but make no sense. Brocas affects the front left hemisphere affecting grammar resulting in meaningful but choppy sentences
Dyslexia affect on Spelling ? It afftects spelling because patients have poor memory and can remember how to spell words, trouble linking words and sounds eg. door - dor, phone - fown
WhAT IS dyslexia? Dyslexia is a language based disorder.
Dyslexia and Punctuation? Erratic punctuation use, forgetfulness of punctuation eg. forgeting the ? at the end of a question, or not putting commas to separate nouns in sequence.
Dylexia and Handwriting? they suffer from Disgraphia can't remember stroke order, Illegible handwriting, Unfinished words or letters eg. writing d as b or p as q.;anims for animals
Dyslexia and Sequencing Ideas? Difficulty sequencing ideas makes it difficult to recall events and the order which they happened eg. if they get into a fight they won't remember which person started it, or if they get directions somewhere they will mix them up and end up lost.
Created by: fbarba21