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CSD 356

@Ole Miss-Dr. Lowe

QuestionAnswer
What AD: A 2nd grader who has a hl needs something in the classroom that will also work outside for PE. BTE FM System aka Boot
What AD: An SLP works at an assistive living facility and needs something to help her communicate with her HOH clients who do not wear hearing aids. What can you reccommend for her? Hard Wired System
What AD: An elderly bed-ridden individual who does not have muchmoney to spend needs a device to help him communicate with his daughter when she comes to see him. Hard Wired System
What AD: A movie theater needs something to assist the patrons who need extra amplification. Infrared System
What AD: A client is having difficulties understanding the TV at home. Infrared System
What AD: A child hwo has normal hearing also had ADD. He needs something in the classroom to help him attend to the teacher. Personal FM System
What AD: A first grade teacher is developing vocal nodules due to her haivng to speak so loudly. Sound Field System
What AD: A school system has several children in it who have HL and wear BTE's. BTE FM System aka Boot
What AD: A person with CIC HA is experiencing a great deal of feedback when he uses the telephone. Acoustic Telepad
What AD: A deaf individual needs some type of device to make calls. TDD/Relay System
A CI is a device that (blank) stimulates the auditory nerve patients. Electrically
What are two things that may be possible with a coclear implant? 1. Percieve environmental sounds 2. Understand speech without lip reading.
What captures sound from the environment? Microphone
What delivers electrical signals through tiny contacts to the VIIIth nerve? Electrode Array
A person must be atleast how many months to recieve a CI? 12mths
Adults must have how much auditoy only speech recognition performance w/open set sentences in the ear to be implanted? Less thatn 50%
CI Candidate: An ASL 18 year old who was born deaf but does not wear HA. No
CI Candidate: 18mth old who was born deaf but has worn amplification for one year w/little progress in auditory skills. Yes
CI Candidate: 40 year old who went deaf at age 38 due to genetica causes. Yes
CI Candidate: 30 year old who went deaf du to bacterial meningitis when she was 6yrs old. No
CI Candidate: 12mth old who is deaf due to lack of neural integrity. No
CI Candidate: 18mth old whose parents are not compliant with recommendations. No
CI Candidate: 36 year old who has just been identified with bilateral acousitc neuromas. No
CI Candidate: 12mth old who has been identified w/auditory neuropathy/auditory dys-synchrony and has worn HA for 6mths with no success. Yes
You always have to have a (blank) hearing loss in both ears to qualify for a CI. Moderately severe to profound
(Blank) can be used when traditional amplification is not enough. Cochlear implants
A cochlear implant (blank) stimulates the auditory nerve of the patient. Electrically
The CI (does/does not) act like an amplifier in that it increases the signal strength of the stimulus. Does not
A CI (does/does not)restore normal hearing. Does not
All patients receive (blank) from cochlear implants. Varied results
What are the two types of CI's? Body-worn processor and the BTE processor
The microphone captures sound from the environment and sends it to what? The processor
The processor processes what ype of information? Digital
The transmitting coil sends information transdermally to what? The internal reciever stimulator
The internal receiver-stimulator receives information from what? The transmitting coil
the internal receiver-stimulator converts (blank1) information to (blank2). 1. Digital 2. Electrical Info
The internal receiver-stimulator denst what type of energy to the elctrode array implanted in the cochlea/inner ear? Electrical
The electrode array delivers (blank) to the auditory nerve. Electrical Signals
the auditory nerve carries the info to the what? Brain
What enters the hearing aide through the microphone? Soundwaves
What picks up sounds from the environment? Microphone
The mic does what? Converts soundwaves into an electrical signal
The converted energy is sent to the what? Amplifier.
The amplifier increases what? The strength of the electrical signal.
What functions to convert the amplified signals back into sound waves? Receiver
the amplified sound is channeled from the receiver to what? The ear canal.
The battery uses what type of energy? Electrical
What powers the hearing aid and can enable the amplification proccess to occur? The battery
Hearing aids can have up to how many number of channels? 20 or more
Probe mic measures are used to measure the output of the HA at the patients what? Tympanic Membrane
What is the first of six factors in the increase of the amount of training needed for fitting hearing aids? Advanced Circuit Design
What is the second of six factors in the increase of the amount of training needed for fitting hearing aids? Digital/Programmable HA’s
What is the third of six factors in the increase of the amount of training needed for fitting hearing aids? Probe mic measurements
What is the fourth of six factors in the increase of the amount of training needed for fitting hearing aids? Computerization
What is the fifth of six factors in the increase of the amount of training needed for fitting hearing aids? Delivery System
What is the final of six factors in the increase of the amount of training needed for fitting hearing aids? Internet
The purpose of the hearing aid is to do what to sounds? Amplify
Hearing aid amplification is accomplished with respect to the input signal and the patients what? Hearing loss configuration
One goal of hearing aid amplification is to make soft sounds what? Audible
One goal of hearing aid amplification is to make average sounds what? Comfortable
One goal of hearing aid amplification is to make sure loud sounds do not exceed the users what? Tolerance Level
The T-Coil picks up what type of signals and amplifies them? Electromagnetic
Directional mic technology can increase the signal to noise ratio by as much as what? 80% or 6DB
What causes distortion when the signal output is limited? Peak Clipping
All hearing aids use some form of what? Output limiting
One form of compression limit’s the signal to (just below or above) the users tolerance level w/o introducing distortion? Just below
One form of compression repackages the world so that it fits into the users what? Auto gain input
Which aids can fit a telecoil? BTE & ITE
Which aids can fit directional mic? BTE & ITE
Which aids need good dexterity? CIC & ITC
Which aids do not need good dexterity? BTE & ITE
What aids will accommodate a mild to mod hearing loss? All of them
What aids will accommodate a profound loss? BTE & ITE
Out of the 4 aids, which is the most cosmetically appealing and which is the least? CIC is the most and BTE the least
Out of the 4 aids, which is the most expensive and which is the least? CIC is the most and BTE the least
What is the 1st of the three most important factors to be considered for HA candidacy? Degree of HL
What is the 2nd of the three most important factors to be considered for HA candidacy? Amount of communication difficulty
What is the 3rd of the three most important factors to be considered for HA candidacy? Motivation to use hearing aids
Most audiologist agree that if hearing is normal for (blank) and below, it is unlikely that hearing aids will be beneficial? 4k Hz
What type of inventory is an excellent way to survey individuals communication problem? A standardized self-assessment
What are the 9 fz’s where thresholds should be measured? 250, 500, 1k, 1.5k, 2k, 3k, 4k, 6k, 8k
What is one of two other names for Loudness Discomfort Level (LDL)? UCL aka uncomfortable listening level
What is two of two other names for Loudness Discomfort Level (LDL)? TD aka threshold discomfort
At how many fz’s should LDL’s be measured? 3
At what fz’s should LDL’s be measured? 500, 1.5k, 3k
What is the 1st of five aspects other than audiometric data that should be considered when selecting HA styles? Patients Dexterity
What is the 2nd of five aspects other than audiometric data that should be considered when selecting HA styles? Pinna Itself
What is the 3rd of five aspects other than audiometric data that should be considered when selecting HA styles? Ear Canal Geography
What is the 4th of five aspects other than audiometric data that should be considered when selecting HA styles? Need for cosmetic acceptable product
What is the 5th of five aspects other than audiometric data that should be considered when selecting HA styles? Financial resources
What is the primary goal of AR? To maximize residual hearing
What three other aspects of AR may be necessary once the client has been amplified? listening means, communications, auditory training
What are the three basic HA categories? Analog, Digital, Programmable
What is the dynamic range? Range of hearing that a person has from the softest sounds a person can detect to the loudest sounds that a person can tolerate
What switch is used for the telephone/ Telecoil i.e. T
What switch turns the aid off? Off i.e. O
What switch helps the listener choose his preferred listening level, but is often not employed by many digital and programmable hearing aids? Volume wheel
What technology helps improve the signal to noise ratio? Directional mic technology
What technology helps the audiologist control how loud the hearing aid can become? Output limiting
What output limiting technology does not introduce distortion and is most often used? Compression
The main communication difficulties that HI face that ALD’s try to overcome are what? Distance, Background noise and Room Acoustics
Hearing aids amplify speech and noise why? Because the mic is located at the ear and not at the sound source
What are three advantages of Hard Wired Systems? Reliable, inexpensive and portable
What HA has the strongest telecoil? BTE
What is the most inexpensive ALD for a student w/a BTE? Loop induction
What is the best ALD you can buy? Radio FZ FM Systems
What does the letter H in HIOBASICS stand for? Hearing Expectations
What does the letter I in HIOBASICS stand for? Instrument Operation
What does the letter O in HIOBASICS stand for? Occlusion Effect
What does the letter B in HIOBASICS stand for? Batteries
What does the letter A in HIOBASICS stand for? Acoustic Feedback
What does the letter S in HIOBASICS stand for? System trouble shooting
What does the letter I in HIOBASICS stand for? Insertion & Removal
What does the letter C in HIOBASICS stand for? Cleaning & Maintenance
What does the letter S in HIOBASICS stand for? Service
What are the internal parts of the CI? Internal Receiver Stimulator & Electrode Array
What are the external parts of the CI? Mic, Processor & Transmitting coil
Which aids reduces wind noise since the mic is seated w/in the ear canal? CIC & ITC
Which aids are more expensive than the ITE? CIC & ITC
Which aids do not take full advantage of the pinna and concha? BTE & ITE
Which aids, for younger children w/rapidly changing sizes of the ear are impractical? ITE, CIC, ITC
Which aids are easier to insert and remove and to adjust the volume control than the BTE? ITE
Which aid is the smallest available? CIC
Which aid fits completely within the ear canal and thus is practically invisible when worn? CIC
Which aid is deep fitting to help reduce the occlusion effect? CIC
Which aid had the circuitry housed primarily in the concha area and has no external wires/tubes and it can still accommodate additional controls and larger circuitry when needed? ITE
Which aid does the consumer considered to be old fashioned? BTE
Which aid tends to be less secure than custom instruments? BTE
Which aid does not have telescopic and directional mic available? CIC
Which aid has a small battery and need reasonably good dexterity? CIC or ITC
Which aid is more difficult to insert, remove and adjust the volume control than other types of instruments? BTE
What hearing aid style would you recommend for a five year old? BTE
What hearing aid style would you recommend for a person who had difficulty w/fine motor coordination? ITE
What hearing aid style would you recommend for an 8yr old whose mom did not want anyone to know she has a loss? BTE
What hearing aid style would you recommend for a rich executive who will spare no expense to hide his HL? CIC
Created by: msprinkle1987