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Groups as System

Speech 331

a procedure that focuses on a single topic that produces a written product. Idea writing
what comes into the system from outside. *Resources that come from outside the system. *Energy, information, new people Input
transforms the Input into Output. *The process of transforming input into output to keep the system functioning *Group discussion, problem solving *Roles, norms, power, procedures Throughput (process)
the final product, result, effects of the processed Input. *Results of the group's throughput *Decisions *Modification of group procedures *Creation and implementation of solutions to problems *Completed projects *Enhanced member cohesiveness Output
*Ripple effect *Nonsummativity Interconnectedness
*Openness and change *Boundary control Adaptability to change
*Quantitative significance *Qualitative significance Influence of size
when all group members work together to achieve a goal. When one part changes, the other parts are affected and change as well. Interdependence
joint activity of group members exceeds skills and abilities of individual group members (whole greater than the sum...) Synergy
groups may accomplish the same goal in very different ways. Equifinality
whole is not equal to the sum of parts - may be greater, but may be less. Synergy (+). Negative synergy (-). Nonsummativity
*The whole is NOT equal to the sum of its parts. 1. Whole maybe greater than the sum 2. Whole maybe less than the sum Nonsummativity
#in Group Interactions Possible 2 2 3 9 4 28 5 75 6 186 7 441 8 1056 Influence of size on Communication